Alexander Peacock

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Alexander James Peacock was born at Creswick on 11 June 1861, the son of James Henry Peacock. Alexander was educated at Creswick Grammar School. He was one of the founders of the Creswick branch of the ANA. Peacock was director and legal manager of many gold mining companies.[1]

On 22 September 1882 the 21 year old Alexander Peacock was nominated for membership of the Creswick Havilah Lodge. He went on to become Master in 1888, and was later prominent in the Grand Lodge of Victoria.[2]

He served as Premier of Victoria[3] three time, and became a knight of the realm.[4]



Death Of Sir Alexander Peacock 44 YEARS IN PARLIAMENT MELBOURNE October 8.
Sir Alexander Peacock, Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Victoria, and a former Premier of Victoria, died at his home at Creswick at midday yesterday, aged 72 years. He had been confined to his bed. Death was due to heart trouble. The political record of Alexander Peacock is unique in Victoria. For 4 years, from 1889 until 1933 he was a member of the Legislative Assembly and, during that time he was Premier three times, Minister for Education six times, Minister for Labor five times. Chief Secretary three times. Postmaster-General (under the old State postal system before Federation), Minister for Forests, Minister without portfolio, and Speaker of the Legislative Assembly. He served in 11 admin istrations, including those of which he was the head, and he was returned at many elections without opposition. Sir Alexander Peacock was a native of Creswick. where he was born on June 11, 1861. The eldest son of the late James Henry Peacock, he was educated at the Creswick school, and, on leaving, he entered upon mining pursuits at Ballarat where, later, as legal man ager of mining companies, he achieved much success. Invaluable Service To State He entered Parliament in 1889, and quickly established himspif as an able member. Throughout his long career in Parliament, and as head of different administrations or departments, Sir Alexander Peacock rendered invaluable service to the State, particularly in the Departments of Education and Labor. His name will be associated primarily with Victoria's labor laws and the introduction of the wages board system which, at that time, was without paral lel and was considered to be the most advanced social legislation in the world. He was a strenuous worker in the cause of Federation and was a delegate from Victoria to the convention which framed tbe Constitution of the Commonwealth. For many years before entering Par liament, Sir Alexander Peacock was a leading member of the Australian Natives' Association, and he was for seve ral times president of the board of di rectors. He was also a leading Freemason. He was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Freemasons of Victoria from 1899 until 1905, in succession to Lord Brassey.[5]

Death causes wide spread sorrow. State Funeral To-morrow.
Although he had not been able to fulfill his, duties as Speaker of the Legislative Assembly for the past five weeks, because of illness, the death of Sir Alexander Peacock at His home at Creswick on Saturday came as a shock to the community. He was 72 years of age, and had not enjoyed his usual good health for some months. Five, weeks ago, because, of a bronchial chill, he had to remain at his home, and until Thursday, when he was in his garden, he appeared to be making a recovery. But on that night he suffered a relapse, and he died peacefully in his sleep shortly after noon on Saturday. During his ab sence from his official duties he had at tended to his correspondence, and with his official secretary (Mr. Osborne), who was with him at the last, Sir Alexander Peacock completed all the correspondence he had received until Friday night. A State funeral will be accorded the late Speaker at Creswick to-morrow. The sec retary of the Premiers department (Mr. Gale) visited Creswick yesterday to com plete arrangements. A "Gazette" extra ordinary will be published this morning officially announcing the death of the Speaker, and the arrangements for the funeral, which will be as follow:— The body will lie in State in the town hall, Creswick, to-day, and will be trans ferred to St. John's Church of England, Creswick, to-morrow morning. A guard of honor will be provided by local returned soldiers. A special train will leave Spencer-street station; Melbourne, to-morrow, at 9.30 a.m., stopping at Bacchus Marsh, Ballan and Ballarat, and then, where required, at stations beyond Ballarat, arriving at Crcs-wick at 1.30 p.m., and reaching Melbourne on the return journey at 9.30 p.m. The State funeral will move from, the church at the conclusion of the service, to be held there at 2 p.m. tomorrow, for the Creswick cemetery. The services at the church and, at the graveside will be conducted by Dean Tucker and the vicar of the parish. A Grand Lodge Masonic service will be conducted at the graveside.[6]


  1. McCallum, M. (1916) Ballarat & District Citizens & Sports, Ballarat.
  2. Williams, Leonard M., Creswick Havilah Lodge No. 26 VC 1859-1984, Tustees of the Creswick Havilah Lodge, 1984.
  3. McCallum, M. (1916) Ballarat & District Citizens & Sports, Ballarat.
  4. Williams, Leonard M., Creswick Havilah Lodge No. 26 VC 1859-1984, Tustees of the Creswick Havilah Lodge, 1984.
  5. Adelaide Advertisers, 09 October 1933.
  6. The Age, 09 October 1933.

--H. Scarpe 13:32, 25 August 2011 (EST)l --Clare K.Gervasoni 18:30, 30 August 2020 (AEST)

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