Model Locomotive Engine

From Ballarat and District Industrial Heritage Project
Jump to: navigation, search
Phoenix Foundry Model Locomotive Engine, Ballarat Historical Society Collection, held at the Gold Museum. Image Copyright: Sovereign Hill Museums Association

In 1878, a Model Locomotive Engine was made by apprentices from the Phoenix Foundry, including James Campbell Brown (1857-1936), Francis Henry Davis (1858-1940), Louis Ludwig Ballhausen (1857-1912), Samuel John Morgan (1856-1939) and Herman Recard Warlond (1857-1948), for the first Australian Juvenile Industrial Exhibition held in Ballarat. The steam engine was donated to the Ballarat School of Mines Museum, and is now part of the Ballarat Historical Society Collection, which is held at the Gold Museum.

Contents

Background

Phoenix Foundry Apprentices with their Model Locomotive Engine, Ballarat Historical Society Collection (Cat. No. 217.80), held at the Gold Museum. Image Copyright: Sovereign Hill Museums Association
Established in 1856/57, the Phoenix Foundry was one of the most important iron and brass manufacturers in Ballarat. In 1871, the Foundry began building locomotive engines, and from 1873 until its closure in 1906, it held the government contract to build all the engines for the Victorian Railways.

On 15th February 1878, the first Australian Juvenile Industrial Exhibition was held in Ballarat. Inspired by the Industrial Exhibitions of England, it aimed to “cultivate the inventive faculties of those who are in trades, and show proficiency” and “to enable all to show their handiwork, and obtain new ideas from each other” [1]

A group of young apprentices from the Phoenix Foundry submitted the model locomotive engine for competition, including James Campbell Brown (1857-1936), Francis Henry Davis (1858-1940), Louis Ludwig Ballhausen (1857-1912), Samuel John Morgan (1856-1939) and Herman Recard Warlond (1857-1948). They were all aged between 19 and 21 at the time of the exhibition.

The Official Record lists two additional apprentices who were involved in the project: Theophilus George (1857-1935) and William Snell Tandy Magee (1859-1889) [2] According to articles in The Ballarat Courier during July 1879, there was a dispute between Mr. George and Mr. Magee against the other five over the amount each had (or hadn’t) contributed to the project. It remains unclear how the matter was resolved, but on only five apprentices were featured in the formal photograph held in the Ballarat Historical Society Collection.

Each of these exhibitors was awarded a silver medal, plus special prizes of £10.10s from the Hon. C. J. Jenner, M.L.C., Melbourne; and £10.10s from the Hon. J. Cumming, M.L.C., Melbourne.[3] The Official Record of the exhibition also commented that it was “a splendid piece of work, deserving of high commendation.” [4]

Model Details

The model locomotive engine and tender were crafted from steel, while the carriage was made from wood and highlighted with smoky glass windows. It has run over 2,000 miles on rail track, and has been restored to working order by Mr. H. Shaw, son of the late Mr. William Henry Shaw (1830-1896), a Manager at the Phoenix Foundry Company. The model is currently on display in the Gold Museum, but the tender remains in storage.

Dimensions:

A) Engine - Height: 58 cm Base: 130 cm Diameter: 30 cm

B) Tender - Height: 30 cm Base: 54 cm Diameter: 11 cm

C) Carriage - Height: 58 cm Base: 1220 cm Diameter: 34 cm

D) Track - Height: 3 cm Base: 3000 cm Diameter: 46 cm

References

  1. Charles J. Richardson, Australian Juvenile Industrial Exhibition, Official Record containing introduction, inaugural ceremonies, general notes on the exhibition, closing ceremonies, final notes ... , (1878) p.7. Digital copy accessed via [1].
  2. Charles J. Richardson, Australian Juvenile Industrial Exhibition, Official Record containing introduction, inaugural ceremonies, general notes on the exhibition, closing ceremonies, final notes ... , (1878), p.VIII. Digital copy accessed via [2].
  3. Charles J. Richardson, Australian Juvenile Industrial Exhibition, Official Record containing introduction, inaugural ceremonies, general notes on the exhibition, closing ceremonies, final notes ... , (1878), p.VIII. Digital copy accessed via [3].
  4. Charles J. Richardson, Australian Juvenile Industrial Exhibition, Official Record containing introduction, inaugural ceremonies, general notes on the exhibition, closing ceremonies, final notes ... , (1878), p.VIII. Digital copy accessed via [4].

External Links

1. Gold Museum, Ballarat [5]

2. Victorian Railways [6]

3. Ballarat Historical Society [7]


--CMuir 11:58, 1 March 2013 (EST)

Personal tools