Phoenix Foundry

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Phoenix Foundry. Courtesy Federation University Australia Historical Collection [Cat. No. 6599.2].

The Phoenix Foundry (1857-1906) fabricated iron and brass products - including engines and pumping gear for the mining industry, locomotives, steam rollers, water pipes, water gauges and diverse small items. Throughout its operation the business was located at premises on Armstrong Street, Ballarat (where Central Square now stands).


Contents

History

Background

In 1852, at the age of thirty-three and after a year of operating his own engineering business at Williamstown[1], Lancashire-born blacksmith and engineer George Threlfall (1819-1897) arrived on the Sebastopol gold plain and immediately undertook blacksmith work repairing picks and tools for the miners. Little did he know that this fledgling business would be the genesis of the most iconic business of nineteenth-century Ballarat.


At approximately thirty-nine years of age, English mechanical engineer Richard Carter (c1814-1883) came to Australia on board the Arrogant - arriving in Melbourne on 19 April 1853. He soon travelled to the Ballarat goldfields.


Born in the year 1830 in Belfast (Ireland), mechanical engineer William Henry Shaw (1830-1896) arrived in Australia in October 1853. He worked briefly with George Threlfall at Sebastopol, then moved to Geelong to manage the small foundry of Frederick Moore.[2]


Twenty-four year old English-born iron moulder Robert Holden (c1831-1911) left his home in Belfast (Ireland) in late 1854 and travelled from Liverpool to Melbourne on board the James Baines - arriving in February 1855. Afterwards he joined his brother-in-law William Henry Shaw in Ballarat.


The Partnership Years

In March 1857 George Threlfall joined in business with Richard Carter, William Henry Shaw and Robert Holden. They relocated Threlfall's successful engineering enterprise from Sebastopol to new premises in Armstrong Street, Ballarat.[3] This business was then known variously as the Phoenix Iron Works Company, Phoenix Foundry or Messrs Carter and Co. By 15 April 1857 they were advertising that they were open for business as engineers, millwrights, boiler makers, smiths, iron founders and brass founders.[4]


Less than a year later a major period of change began. In January 1858 George Threlfall left the partnership.[5] Then, between February 1858 and February 1861, a number of qualified fitters, turners, moulders, smiths and patternmakers were hired into the Foundry.[6] Also, a sizeable moulding and pattern shop was added, Victoria's largest foundry engine installed, and a tall brick chimney erected for diverting the furnace fumes.[7] In a highly-competitive, rapidly-growing local industry, the Phoenix Foundry emerged as the premiere engineering works.


Starting and building engineering works of this nature and size in a new colony required forging new supply chains. Customers were almost certainly assured, through the settlement of a population that would demand the modern conveniences to which they were accustomed. The relative remoteness of Ballarat, though, made the Foundry's supplies more difficult to secure. Depending upon the workload, furnace fires could be required to burn at full capacity for up to 24 hours of the day. Coal was the fuel most commonly used for the task, but coal was expensive to import. To keep the furnaces burning, the Foundry relied on local wood cutters for a sizeable and consistent supply of fuel.[8] Pig iron and other metals had to be of a particular type and were largely imported.[9] When it came to sand required for the moulding process, however, the Foundry was fortunate in its location. In nearby Mount Pleasant, the same sort of geological profile that favoured gold mining also provided a place for securing a supply of the necessary sand.[10]


Throughout the 1860s, and into the start of the 1870s, gold mining provided the bulk of work for the men of the Foundry. They constructed, repaired and re-sold steam engines, boilers, stamp heads, quartz crushing machinery and pumping machinery of ever-increasing size and complexity.[11] In servicing the needs of the miners, the Foundry regularly called for the tenders of carters, carpenters, masons and machinery erectors to assist them in fulfilling their contracts.[12] Relying so heavily upon the mining industry was not without its risks, though. Between September 1863 and February 1870 the Foundry was forced to make use the local court system time and again to enforce payment for services rendered.[13] Still, significant work came from other sources, and products of the Foundry became part of the local scenery. Pipes, valves and various other pieces were placed in the water works infrastructure of Ballarat and Clunes, and a tall crane was erected at the site of Ballarat's Town Hall.[14] The partnership further entrenched itself within the community, subscribing to the Ballarat Fire Brigade and the Ballarat Agricultural and Pastoral Society.[15]


In slightly more than a decade of operations, the Phoenix Foundry became an integral part of the local social and economic structures. In that time, though, the local metalworking industry had developed so fully that competition was making it harder for the business to continue to run in the same way. Although the partnership of Carter, Shaw and Holden was not officially dissolved until 5 June 1873 the main business was restructured and registered as The Phoenix Foundry Company (Limited) on 25 November 1870.[16]

The Company Years

Phoenix Foundry machine shop. Courtesy Federation University Australia Historical Collection [Cat. No. 6599].
Phoenix Company's foundry, Ballarat, 1882. Courtesy Art Gallery of Ballarat [Purchased with funds from the L.J. Wilson Bequest].


Innovations

Works Produced

Works produced by the Phoenix Foundry for the mining industry

Civil engineering works by the Phoenix Foundry

Locomotives produced by the Phoenix Foundry

Miscellaneous works produced by the Phoenix Foundry

The People

Members of the Phoenix Foundry Smith's Shop, circa 1890. Courtesy private collection of Paul Chandler.

Two plus signs (++) following a name indicates an individual who died in the Foundry (or as a result of events in the Foundry).

  1. Charles Abbott (c1845-1901)
  2. E. Abbott
  3. John Nicholas Goodman Ackerly (1857-1892)
  4. R. Ackersley
  5. Phillip Francis Acott (1869-1940)
  6. Joseph William Aird (1882-1945)
  7. John Aitcheson
  8. A. Allen
  9. W. Allen
  10. John Anderson
  11. T. Andrews
  12. J. Ardie
  13. C. Armstrong
  14. George Armstrong
  15. James Armstrong
  16. John Armstrong (c1851-1914)
  17. Joseph Armstrong (c1849-1929)
  18. Walter Armstrong (c1825-1889)
  19. Walter Armstrong (1861-1943)
  20. W. Arthur
  21. William Hurley Askwith (1830-1887)
  22. Thomas Richard Atkinson (1856-1930)
  23. Thomas Henry Avison (c1820-1868)
  24. T. Bacon
  25. Samuel L. Bailey (1843-1920)
  26. Thomas Sleight Bailey (1856-1932)
  27. Louis Ludwig Ballhausen (1857-1912)
  28. M. Banks
  29. P. Banks
  30. Felix Edward Barbat (1858-1928)
  31. Thomas Barlow
  32. George Barnett
  33. J. Barnett
  34. A. Barr
  35. James Barr
  36. R. Barr
  37. James Barratt
  38. J. Bartes
  39. G. Bartlett
  40. James W. Batie (1823-1907)
  41. James William Batie (1856-1937)
  42. William Batie (1861-?)
  43. J. Baxindale
  44. J. Bayard
  45. Walter Reed Bechervaise (1861-1927)
  46. George Belcher (c1853-1887)
  47. Alexander Bell (c1851-1931)
  48. F. Bell
  49. T. Bell
  50. W. Bell
  51. John Bennett
  52. R. Bennett
  53. W. M. Bennett
  54. William Henry Benoit (1861-1938)
  55. Harold John Thomas Berryman (1884-1951)
  56. Henry William Martin Binder (1867-1910)
  57. Robert Jeffrey Binder (1831-1906)
  58. James Binnie (1854-1898)
  59. --- Birch
  60. C. Bishop
  61. Peter Black (c1835-1911)
  62. William Blair (c1834-1876)
  63. Alfred Ernest Blee (1871-1910)
  64. William George Blee (1875-1929)
  65. George Henry Blight (1854-1937)
  66. George Blomeley (1851-1898)
  67. Albert William Bodycomb (1863-1945)
  68. Alfred Bodycomb
  69. Bedlington Bodycomb (1855-1919)
  70. J. H. Bodycomb
  71. John Rhys Bodycomb (1861-1897)
  72. Robert Bodycomb (1857-?)
  73. Thomas C. Bodycomb (1829-1919)
  74. James Bohan (1868-1892)
  75. Jacob Boller (1871-1886)
  76. George William Bollom (1859-1935)
  77. John Robert Borch (c1835-1900)
  78. Alfred Bothroyd (1872-1936)
  79. Phillip Bowen (1882-1927)
  80. R. Bowen
  81. W. Bowen
  82. Jes Boyson (c1868-1940)
  83. Benjamin Bradbury (c1846-1882)
  84. Henry Bradbury (c1842-1917)
  85. H. Bradley
  86. George Bray
  87. William Bray (1856-1932)
  88. P. Brewer
  89. Joseph Edward Brindle (c1866-1949)
  90. William Brindle (c1838-1901)
  91. William Brodie (1861-?)
  92. J. Brooks
  93. James Brooks (c1886-1904)
  94. Daniel Brophy (1832-1895)
  95. James Campbell Brown (1857-1936)
  96. Joseph Brown
  97. Wilfred Lionel Reed Brown (1889-1917)
  98. William Alfred Brown (1860-1931)
  99. --- Bryan
  100. Francis Bulch (c1861-1886)
  101. Thomas Edward Bulch (1863-1930)
  102. A. Bull
  103. J. Bull
  104. William Campbell Burbidge (c1832-1908)
  105. J. Burnett
  106. Alfred James Burns (1865-1941)
  107. F. Burns
  108. G. Burns
  109. H. Burns
  110. Thomas Burns (c1839-1917)
  111. W. Burns
  112. --- Burton
  113. Albert Henry Cadd (1857-1907)
  114. William Black Cairncross (1859-1927)
  115. George Cairns (1864-1900)
  116. J. Cairns
  117. Frederick Caldecoat (1856-1939)
  118. John Caldwell (1863-1925)
  119. Frederick Edward William Callaway (c1855-1935)
  120. Samuel Thomas Cameron (1860-1891)
  121. T. Cameron
  122. W. Campbell
  123. William James Canning (1870-1956)
  124. W. A. Cannon
  125. William Carmichael
  126. David Carnegie (1857-1890)
  127. William Henry Carpenter (1863-1930)
  128. James Carroll (c1832-1901)
  129. H. Carson
  130. John Carter
  131. Richard Carter (c1814-1883)
  132. William Carter (1864-?)
  133. John Carthew (c1850-1886)
  134. Alexander Chalmers (1859-1922)
  135. H. Chappin
  136. C. Charles
  137. Edward Charnley (?-1912)
  138. Joseph Wicks Chegwidden (1836-1882)
  139. Alexander Chisholm (1862-1929)
  140. Robert Chisholm (c1858-1911)
  141. Charles Chown (c1850-1923)
  142. Andrew Clark (1858-1906)
  143. C. Clark
  144. James Clark
  145. John Thomas Clark (1858-1893)
  146. Charles Clay (c1822-1901)
  147. William Cleary
  148. J. Clinton
  149. Edward Chalmers Close (1852-1924)
  150. Robert Maxwell Close (1857-1941)
  151. Frederick Coates (1856-1925)
  152. William Coburn (c1856-1937)
  153. Patrick Coffey (c1853-1946)
  154. John Amos Colley (1839-1920)
  155. Henry Collins (1866-?)
  156. J. Collins
  157. Richard Collinson
  158. Patrick Conaughton (1870-1937)
  159. John Edwin Congress (c1827-1882)
  160. Thomas Cook
  161. David Cooper (1854-1934)
  162. Horatio Cooper (1831-1900)
  163. Samuel Cooper (1856-?)
  164. Henry Coppin (c1843-1904)
  165. Charles Gray Coundon (1858-1885)
  166. A. Couper
  167. Thomas Alexander Couper (1863-1952)
  168. J. Coward
  169. W. Cowie
  170. Joseph Edward Cowley (1847-1910)
  171. Edward Thomas Cox (1851-1930)
  172. T. Cox
  173. R. Crank
  174. Thomas Rodd Crews (c1829-1892)
  175. Andrew Hutchinson Croll (1839-1897)
  176. George Croll (1837-1919)
  177. J. Cullen
  178. William Cundy (c1830-1918)
  179. S. Curphey
  180. Thomas Curphey (1846-1940)
  181. H. Cuss
  182. T. Cuthbertson
  183. D. Cutler
  184. John Henry Dale (c1869-1916)
  185. Joseph Damyon (c1856-?)
  186. W. J. Daniel
  187. J. Dark
  188. Walter Albert Dauncey (1868-1953)
  189. John Taylor Davey (?-1933)
  190. T. Davidson
  191. Albert Edward Davies
  192. James Richard Davies
  193. John Davies (1860-?)
  194. Oliver Owen Davies (1866-1912)
  195. T. H. Davies
  196. William Davies
  197. Francis Henry Davis (1858-1940)
  198. M. F. Davis
  199. Stanley Kingston Davis (1883-1942)
  200. C. Davison
  201. H. Dawson
  202. George Eadon Deakin (c1826-1886)
  203. W. Dean
  204. William Rufus Deeble (1855-1936)
  205. --- Dempsey
  206. Harrison Denham (c1851-1914)
  207. C. Dennis
  208. E. Dennis
  209. T. Dennis
  210. John Edward Derham (1869-1944)
  211. Charles Dickinson
  212. W. Dobson
  213. John Doney (1863-1947)
  214. Philip Dorter (1882-1963)
  215. Thomas Errington Douglas (1864-1941)
  216. William Alexander Gordon Douglas (1880-1948)
  217. J. Dow
  218. Edwin Gumma Downey (c1835-1899)
  219. C. Drake
  220. James Drummond
  221. Norman Drummond
  222. Gilbert Duncan (c1829-1892)
  223. J. Duncan
  224. William Duncan
  225. J. Dunfy
  226. D. J. Dunn
  227. James Dunstan (c1863-1890)
  228. William Francis Durnell (1856-1917)
  229. William Earnshaw
  230. Richard Alfred Ebbels (1859-1943)
  231. W. Eddy
  232. A. Edwards
  233. D. Edwards
  234. --- Eggleston
  235. James Eccles Ellis (1839-1881)
  236. Thomas Vaughan Elsbury (1854-1928)
  237. William Errington (c1832-1894)
  238. John Ewart (c1864-1938)
  239. W. Ewart
  240. George Ewin
  241. J. Ewins
  242. S. Eyres
  243. Andrew Fallow (c1845-1887)
  244. Frederick Edward Farckens (c1861-1905)
  245. --- Farley
  246. G. Farrow
  247. A. Fawcett
  248. Joseph Fell (c1855-?)
  249. Daniel Robert Fern (1866-?)
  250. G. Field
  251. James Field (c1869-?)
  252. T. Field
  253. E. Fisher
  254. George Lawson Fleming (1871-1911)
  255. John Flynn (c1850-1906)
  256. A. Fotheringham
  257. F. Frain
  258. C. Frank
  259. John Cumming Fraser (?-1936)
  260. Edward Henry Freed (1856-1930)
  261. J. Freeman
  262. John Friend (c1840-1920)
  263. A. Gaff
  264. William Gallie (c1831-1910)
  265. J. Gallon
  266. J. Gates
  267. William Henry Gaunt (1830-1905)
  268. Philip Gay (1861-1941)
  269. H. Gease
  270. P. George
  271. Theophilus George (1857-1935)
  272. William Getson
  273. R. Gibbons
  274. G. Gibson
  275. James Gibson (1830-1910)
  276. James Gibson (c1851-1894)
  277. R. Gibson
  278. E. Gilbert
  279. G. Gilbourne
  280. James Alexander Gilchrist (1875-1950)
  281. G. Gills
  282. G. Gittins
  283. John Glasson (1857-1935)
  284. Alfred Glenister (c1826-1873)
  285. Samuel Alfred Glenister (1865-1905)
  286. David G. Glover (1873-1944)
  287. John Thomson Glover (1880-1937)
  288. Joseph Gommeson (1847-1920)
  289. Charles Gordon
  290. William Henry Gordon (c1845-1921)
  291. John Graham
  292. J. A. Grainger
  293. Henry Grammer (c1846-1883)
  294. J. Grant
  295. Henry Thomas Harrison Grave (1866-1934)
  296. Hugh Gray (1810-1880)
  297. James Burns Gray (c1854-1934)
  298. Thomas Gray
  299. W. Gray
  300. H. Grose
  301. Gilbert Arthur Guinn (1862-1877)
  302. Henry Major Gullan (1869-1942)
  303. James Stirling Gullan (1874-1904)
  304. Norman Gunn
  305. William Robertson Gunn (c1850-1882)
  306. Henry Arthur Entwist Haigh (1866-1921)
  307. J. Haines
  308. Charles Hall
  309. Hubert Ferndale Hall (1881-1954)
  310. James Hall
  311. G. Halliday
  312. John Halse
  313. G. Hamilton
  314. James Hammond
  315. Gustav Adolph Hang (c1858-1886)
  316. John Hardy (c1835-1890)
  317. Leonard Gillespie Hardy (1830-1870)
  318. John Hare (c1865-?)
  319. Frederick Lewis Harnack (1846-1915)
  320. D. Harris
  321. A. Harrison
  322. Arthur John Vallance Harrison (1881-1957)
  323. Henry Harrison
  324. J. A. Harrison
  325. James Harrison
  326. James Harrison (1875-1933)
  327. Thomas Harrison
  328. W. Harrison
  329. John Harry
  330. George Harvey (c1831-1897)
  331. J. Harvey
  332. James Henry Harvey (1860-1913)
  333. G. Hawkins
  334. William Hay (c1822-1902)
  335. J. Hearn
  336. Richard Joseph Hearn (c1850-1915)
  337. James Harvey Heath (1858-1908)
  338. Richard Heathcote (c1824-1884)
  339. Richard Heathcote (c1847-1921)
  340. A. Hele
  341. Richard Hennah (c1847-1921)
  342. Frederick Godfrey Henning (Phoenix Foundry)
  343. John Hewett (c1849-1933)
  344. J. Hewitson
  345. D. Hicks
  346. G. Hicks
  347. William J. Hicks (c1829-1898)
  348. John Hill
  349. Frank Hilton
  350. Arthur Hobbs
  351. William Hobson (c1836-1897)
  352. George Hodge (c1837-1914)
  353. Edward Hogan
  354. --- Hogg
  355. William Holcroft (c1837-1890)
  356. J. Holden
  357. Robert Holden (c1831-1911)
  358. J. Holland
  359. Thomas Tuke Holloway (1856-1931)
  360. Charles Homewood (1838-1915)
  361. S. Hope
  362. Albert William Hopkins (c1858-?)
  363. Robert John Horgan (c1853-1933)
  364. James Thomas Williams Hosken (c1854-1937)
  365. Edwin Hossack (1844-1887)
  366. George Hossack (1860-1951)
  367. William Howard (1857-?)
  368. J. Howell
  369. A. Hubbard
  370. William Hughes
  371. E. Hull
  372. William Humphris (c1847-1908)
  373. R. Hunt
  374. Gabriel Thomas Hunter (c1837-1913)
  375. Henry Hunter (1863-1912)
  376. James Hunter (1831-1892)
  377. William Hurdsfield (c1863-1936)
  378. E. Husford
  379. A. Inglis
  380. James Irvine (c1860-1934)
  381. Gotfried Herman Jacobi (c1854-1929)
  382. C. James
  383. T. Jeffcott
  384. R. Jefferies
  385. Andrew Jeffs (carpenter)
  386. Nicholas John Jenkins (1856-1906)
  387. S. Jenkins
  388. T. Jenkins
  389. W. Jenkins
  390. George Frederick Jewkes (1868-1940)
  391. Joseph Jewkes (1824-1903)
  392. Morgan Bevan John (1841-1921)
  393. James Johns (c1824-1883)
  394. A. Johnson
  395. John Samuel Johnson (c1824-1904)
  396. W. Johnson
  397. G. Johnston
  398. James Johnston (c1846-1934)
  399. R. Johnston
  400. B. Jones
  401. H. Jones
  402. J. Jones
  403. P. Jones
  404. S. Jones
  405. Tudor Bristock Reece Jones (1884-1961)
  406. E. J. Kay
  407. J. H. Kay
  408. W. Kay
  409. John Keating (c1833-1905)
  410. W. Kellay
  411. A. Kelly
  412. G. Kelly (1)
  413. G. Kelly (2)
  414. Robert H. Kelly
  415. Thomas Kelly
  416. Alexander Kennedy (c1831-1892)
  417. James Anthony Kennedy (c1838-1915)
  418. Ernest Nicholas Kent (1884-1950)
  419. Johann Wilhelm Kerger (1834-1914)
  420. Alfred Ernest Campbell Kerr (c1868-1939)
  421. H. Kiene
  422. William King
  423. Thomas Kingsley
  424. Martin Ryan Kirwan (c1838-1914)
  425. J. Know
  426. --- Kphipps
  427. A. Kurreith
  428. Walter Kydd
  429. Andrew Brown Laird (1864-1926)
  430. Ernest Corrie Campbell Laird (1871-1914)
  431. John Laird (1860-?)
  432. George Martin Laland (1870-1940)
  433. R. Lamb
  434. Robert Mann Lambert (1856-1930)
  435. --- Lang
  436. David Laverick (1875-1918)
  437. James Lawrie (1859-1891)
  438. Thomas Lawson (1884-?)
  439. William Henry Lawson (c1881-1953)
  440. George Lee (1825-1860)
  441. H. Lees
  442. William Owen Leonard (1872-1928)
  443. John Leslie
  444. W. Leslie
  445. --- Leslie
  446. David Lessels (c1853-1912)
  447. John Lessels (1825-1874)
  448. William Lindsay
  449. Thomas Denis Lingham (1868-1944)
  450. P. Little
  451. George Littler (1815-1864)
  452. Thomas William Littler (1854-1927)
  453. Richard Llewellyn
  454. H. Long
  455. Philip Thomas Long (1859-1933)
  456. John George Longley (1869-1944)
  457. George Lovitt
  458. Ernest Lucas
  459. John Lukeis (1858-1945)
  460. Charles Lyons
  461. M. Lyons
  462. George Macara (c1863-1936)
  463. William Macara (1828-1909)
  464. William Macara (1868-?)
  465. David Barkley Macaw (c1862-1938)
  466. W. Mackay
  467. Alexander Mackie (c1830-1918)
  468. William Maclean
  469. Thomas James Maddaford (1868-1949)
  470. William Snell Tandy Magee (1859-1889)
  471. D. Main
  472. Henry Charles Major (1860-1923)
  473. B. Mallison
  474. Alexander Manderson (1851-1916)
  475. William George Manners (1863-1924)
  476. Michael Joseph Mannix (1881-1934)
  477. Charles James Marquand (1872-1943)
  478. W. Marsh
  479. Charles James Marshman (?-1902)
  480. D. Marshman
  481. A. Martin
  482. Alexander Martin
  483. F. Martin
  484. J. A. Martin
  485. James Martin
  486. Peter Martin (1863-1944)
  487. T. Martin
  488. Francis Mason
  489. I. Mason
  490. James Edwin Mason (1882-1958)
  491. W. Matthews
  492. W. Mayall
  493. E. McCarthy
  494. J. McCulloch
  495. D. McDermott
  496. John Young McDonald (1837-1917)
  497. --- McDonnell
  498. Edward Patrick McElroy (1873-?)
  499. C. McGill
  500. H. McGoe
  501. A. McGregor
  502. Donald McGregor (c1861-1956)
  503. D. McIntosh
  504. J. McIntosh
  505. L. McIntosh
  506. Donald McIntyre
  507. J. McKay
  508. John McKenzie (c1817-1889)
  509. R. McKenzie
  510. William McKimm (c1853-1935)
  511. C. McLean
  512. J. McLean
  513. Lachlan McLean (?-1872)
  514. A. McLennon
  515. J. McManamny
  516. Patrick McManamny (1864-1928)
  517. A. McNair
  518. R. McNair
  519. Alexander McNaughton
  520. James Blackmore McQuie (1830-1916)
  521. Thomas Blair Meekison (1866-1942)
  522. D. Meldrum
  523. Francis Menzies (1864-1943)
  524. James Menzies (1862-1945)
  525. William Menzies (c1857-1921)
  526. W. Mewley
  527. Ernest Henry Middleditch (1865-1948)
  528. C. Middleton
  529. Richard Greenwood Middleton (1851-1905)
  530. W. Miles
  531. George Miller (1877-?)
  532. James Miller (c1838-1911)
  533. James Miller (1859-1896)
  534. James Miller (1862-1916)
  535. Robert Miller (c1859-1896)
  536. William Miller (1864-1929)
  537. William John Millett (?-1946)
  538. Solomon Mirls (1843-1889)
  539. Benjamin Mitchell (c1874-?)
  540. Ernest Mitchell (c1874-?)
  541. John Mitchell
  542. John Mobbe
  543. Joseph C. Mobberley (1846-1923)
  544. Joshua Mobberley (?-1913)
  545. M. Modgin
  546. --- Moet
  547. Edward Morey (1832-1907)
  548. Charles Morgan (1852-?)
  549. David James Morgan (c1829-1867)++
  550. Robert Yolland Morgan (1868-1946)
  551. Samuel John Morgan (1828-1909)
  552. Samuel John Morgan (1856-1939)
  553. Edward Morris
  554. John Patrick Morris (1839-1898)
  555. P. Morris
  556. William Morris (1869-1922)
  557. John Morrison
  558. T. Morrison
  559. W. G. Morrison
  560. William Morrison
  561. Hugh Wilson Morrow (1840-1911)
  562. T. Morse
  563. Francis Mossom (?-1900)
  564. J. Mosson
  565. James William Moxham (c1844-1938)
  566. John Muir (1858-1896)
  567. --- Muir
  568. C. Mullard
  569. F. Muller
  570. W. Mumbray
  571. D. Munro
  572. F. Murphy
  573. Patrick Murphy (1863-1917)
  574. William Francis Murphy (1875-1936)
  575. John Murray
  576. James Musgrove (c1851-1889)
  577. James Newman
  578. Henry James Nichol (c1854-1892)
  579. George Roberts Norman (1862-1938)
  580. A. North
  581. James Northey (c1861-1934)
  582. John Laverick Nunn (1862-1884)
  583. J. O'Brien
  584. F. O'Keefe
  585. M. O'Malley
  586. Thomas O'Meara
  587. W. O'Shannassy
  588. Thomas Oliver
  589. James Michael Opie (1855-1929)
  590. W. Opie
  591. William H. Oppy, blacksmith
  592. Francis Osborne (1832-1868)
  593. John Osborne (1831-1906)
  594. W. Oyston
  595. E. Page
  596. --- Page (1)
  597. --- Page (2)
  598. Charles Robert Pamphilon (c1849-1919)
  599. Charles Parker
  600. James Astley Parker (c1818-1908)
  601. --- Parker
  602. Thomas Pyne Parsons (c1863-1944)
  603. E. Pas
  604. John Randle Pascoe (1835-1881)
  605. George Thomas Pattenden (1865-1936)
  606. William Patten (c1872-?)
  607. J. Patterson
  608. R. Patterson
  609. W. Payne
  610. George Pearce (c1832-1859)
  611. Henry James Pearce (1866-1906)
  612. J. Pearce
  613. William Pearce (c1838-1920)
  614. C. Peirce
  615. William Penhall (1847-1917)
  616. J. Perkins
  617. William Moses Perkins (1854-1915)
  618. J. Perrie
  619. George Perry (c1828-1900)
  620. George Albert Pethard (1855-1929)
  621. G. Phillip
  622. W. Phillips
  623. --- Phillips
  624. George Richard C. Pirrie (1831-1910)
  625. Robert Pitfield (c1843-?)
  626. F. Pittard
  627. George Phillip Pittard (1850-1924)
  628. H. Powell
  629. John Powell
  630. T. Powell
  631. A. Prentice
  632. John F. Price
  633. W. Prouse
  634. William Hamlet Purdy (1859-1914)
  635. William Quayle
  636. Edward Michael Quinlivan (1872-1940)
  637. J. Quinn
  638. John Henry Mathews Raby (c1833-1922)
  639. J. Ralph
  640. Thomas Ramsay
  641. H. Redfern
  642. Thomas Redfern (c1832-1917)
  643. T. Reece
  644. Charles Hugh Reeves (c1874-1896)
  645. William Charles Reeves (c1845-1927)
  646. Alexander Nimmo Reid (1866-1886)
  647. E. Reid
  648. Hugh Reid (c1841-1901)
  649. Robert Rattray Reid (1872-1942)
  650. William Reynard (c1873-?)
  651. A. Reynolds
  652. Charles Reynolds
  653. J. Reynolds
  654. A. Richards
  655. George Richards (1843-1921)
  656. J. Richards
  657. S. Richards
  658. William Henry Richards (1867-1898)
  659. --- Richards
  660. Max Richter
  661. Charles Rillstone (1845-1923)
  662. George Alexander Rillstone (1862-1939)
  663. John Rillstone (1830-1894)
  664. John Edward Rillstone (1854-1928)
  665. Richard Rillstone (c1860-1911)
  666. T. J. Rillstone
  667. T. Rimmell
  668. --- Risbury
  669. J. Ritchie
  670. J. Roberts
  671. N. Roberts
  672. W. Roberts
  673. William Roberts (1873-1960)
  674. J. Robertson (1)
  675. J. Robertson (2)
  676. J. Robertson (3)
  677. John Robertson (1823-1893)
  678. W. Robertson
  679. J. Robinson
  680. --- Rogers
  681. D. Ross
  682. W. Ross
  683. William Skelding Round (1828-1897)
  684. William Skelding Round (1854-1942)
  685. William Rowe
  686. T. Rowell
  687. W. J. Rowell
  688. --- Rowell
  689. D. Ryan
  690. H. Sainsbury
  691. Henry Sampson
  692. John Sanderson
  693. W. Sansbury
  694. G. Saunders
  695. W. Saunders
  696. Alfred Doherty Scammell (1867-?)
  697. Philip Irving Scammell (1865-1914)
  698. James Scarff (1863-1933)
  699. John Schaefer
  700. George Schnitzler (1863-1914)
  701. M. Schrader
  702. Henry Scott
  703. R. Scott
  704. W. Scott
  705. R. Semmel
  706. Frank Blamire Sewell (1869-1905)
  707. George Frederick Sewell (1864-?)
  708. Richard Blamire Sewell (1837-1915)
  709. Richard Charles Sewell (1862-1900)
  710. A. Shand
  711. John Shand (c1832-?)
  712. Robert Shand (c1831-1877)
  713. Henry Shanks (c1827-1879)
  714. J. Sharp
  715. Annie Eliza Shaw (c1839-1932)
  716. Edgar Hunter Shaw (1879-1975)
  717. H. Shaw
  718. James Cleeland Shaw (1862-1949)
  719. James Smith Shaw (c1804-1872)
  720. John Minnis Shaw (1871-1929)
  721. William Henry Shaw (1830-1896)
  722. William Henry Shaw (1865-1957)
  723. John Sheldon
  724. George Sheppard (c1863-?)
  725. --- Sheridan
  726. Charles Siddall (c1863-?)
  727. William Slee
  728. G. S. Slighe
  729. Thomas Smail (1866-1952)
  730. Adam Smith (c1825-1888)
  731. E. Smith
  732. G. Smith
  733. James Smith (c1831-1877)
  734. Thomas Smith
  735. W. H. Smith
  736. William Smith
  737. William Collard Smith (1830-1894)
  738. --- Smith
  739. Archibald Sneddon (c1852-1937)
  740. Thomas Ernest Gladstone Sneddon (1884-1901)
  741. William Sneddon (1849-1935)
  742. William Sneddon (1879-1962)
  743. Ernest Albert Spence (1876-1959)
  744. David Cooper Spiers (1855-1925)
  745. J. Stabb
  746. A. Stanley
  747. E. Statton
  748. --- Stebart
  749. --- Stephens
  750. Frederick William Stephenson (1860-1937)
  751. John Oliver Stephenson (c1825-1905)
  752. G. Stevenson
  753. William Stevenson (1847-1910)
  754. Charles Stewart
  755. John Donald Stewart (1857-1932)
  756. R. Stewart
  757. R. Stockall
  758. William Henry Stokeld (1859-1921)
  759. John T. Stone (c1871-1930)
  760. Thomas Stone
  761. W. B. Stone
  762. Joah Humphrey Sugden (1874-1961)
  763. Denis Sullivan
  764. J. Sullivan
  765. T. Sumauby
  766. Pickles Sunderland (c1826-1902)
  767. W. Symmonds
  768. John Tainsh (1848-1925)
  769. John Tanner
  770. William Henry Tanner (c1841-1914)
  771. A. Tapper
  772. J. Taylor (1)
  773. J. Taylor (2)
  774. John Teasdale (c1832-1897)
  775. William Teasdale (1858-1898)
  776. Samuel Tennant
  777. James Thick
  778. John Shaw Thom (c1823-1910)
  779. J. Thomas
  780. L. Thomas
  781. Richard Thomas
  782. T. Thomas
  783. A. Thompson
  784. J. Thompson
  785. Robert Thompson (1849-1915)
  786. S. Thompson
  787. E. Thomson
  788. George Threlfall (1819-1897)
  789. Thomas Thursfield (1823-1906)
  790. Thomas Thursfield (1872-1936)
  791. Frederick George Timmings (1864-1924)
  792. Henry Tinsley (c1825-1905)
  793. John William Tinsley (c1852-1920)
  794. M. Tipper
  795. W. Tipper
  796. J. Tistler
  797. W. Todd
  798. Richard Trahar (1855-1924)
  799. Frederick Alfred Trawin (1855-1937)
  800. Robert Tremain (1840-1890)
  801. George William Trewhella (1889-1980)
  802. William Trewhella (1859-1951)
  803. Henry Troon (1846-1929)
  804. John Morrison Troup (1830-1887)
  805. Walter Heggie Troup (1866-1939)
  806. W. Tullage
  807. John Tulloch
  808. G. Turner
  809. --- Turner
  810. John Richard Upton (c1841-1912)
  811. John Thomas Vercoe (1860-1928)
  812. W. Vertue/Virtue
  813. John Vasey (c1824-1901)
  814. H. Walch
  815. Frank Walker (c1866-?)
  816. John Walker (c1851-?)
  817. R. Walker
  818. J. Wallace
  819. --- Waller
  820. M. Walsh
  821. R. Walsh
  822. --- Walsh
  823. R. Walshe
  824. S. Walters
  825. William H. Walters
  826. J. Walton
  827. P. Ward
  828. W. Wareham
  829. Herman Recard Warlond (1857-1948)
  830. George Wasley
  831. Edward Watson (c1841-?)
  832. F. Watson
  833. G. Watson
  834. John Joseph Watson (c1856-1885)
  835. W. Watson (1)
  836. W. Watson (2)
  837. W. Watson (3)
  838. William Watson (1863-1914)
  839. John Webb (1856-1939)
  840. Francis Webster (c1835-1909)
  841. W. Weinart
  842. W. Weinrief
  843. J. Weir
  844. B. B. Wells
  845. Joseph Vincent Wells (c1851-1930)
  846. T. Wells
  847. W. West
  848. --- Westwood
  849. O. Wetterling
  850. T. Wheeler
  851. A. White
  852. George White
  853. J. White
  854. S. White
  855. George Alfred Whitefield (1868-1951)
  856. H. Whittington
  857. Charles Widdy (1828-1899)
  858. George Frank Wightman (1868-1938)
  859. C. Williams
  860. D. Williams
  861. James Elijah Williams (1876-1953)
  862. Samuel Williams
  863. Thomas Williams (c1856-1939)
  864. M. Williamson
  865. T. Williamson
  866. D. Willis
  867. W. Willis
  868. P. Wills
  869. A. Wilson
  870. Henry Colborne Wilson (1855-1921)
  871. Henry Francis Wilson (1859-1945)
  872. J. Wilson
  873. W. Wilson
  874. James Thomson Wishart (c1875-1941)
  875. Stewart Wishart (c1850-1884)
  876. G. Wood
  877. A. Woods
  878. E. Woods
  879. Richard Worland (1849-1939)
  880. Francis Oliver Worrall (c1853-1903)
  881. John Worthington (c1874-?)
  882. J. Wotherspoon
  883. Frank George Wright (1870-1892)
  884. W. Wyatt
  885. Charles Henry Treleaven Yates (1855-1922)
  886. D. Young
  887. John Young (1)
  888. John Young (2)
  889. Peter Carl Zeis (1867-1945)
  890. Toby ---


Workplace Relations

Under the direction of the Ballarat Moulders' Club the moulders went out on strike from the Foundry on 26 November 1860.[17]

In late June or early July 1867 a strike occurred at the Foundry. A new labourer, hired to ensure the continuance of work, experienced rough treatment at the hands of a striking worker. The Foundry instituted legal proceedings against the assailant.[18]

The Phoenix Foundry Company (Limited) was the first foundry in Ballarat and district to be formed with workers as shareholders.[19]

Strike in 1889

Phoenix Foundry Employés Accident Association


Community Involvement

Community Organisations

Ballarat Agricultural Society - Ballarat Benevolent Asylum - Ballarat Hospital - Ballarat Orphan Asylum - Ballarat School of Mines - Smeaton, Spring Hill and Bullarook Agricultural Association

Events

Australian Juvenile Exhibitions (1878)


Clubs, etc.

Phoenix Foundry Brass Band - Phoenix Foundry Cricket Club - Phoenix Foundry Dramatic Club - Phoenix Foundry Football Club - Phoenix Foundry Glee Club - Phoenix Foundry School of Artisans - Phoenix Foundry Quadrille Club


Legacies

Site

Phoenix Foundry Land Sale, 1947. Courtesy Federation University Australia Historical Collection [Cat. No. 6599.2 image gift of Ron Woods].

In early 1857 the Phoenix Foundry was established in Ballarat central, on a site between Sturt Street and Dana Street, bounded on the east by Dawson Street and the west by Doveton Street.[20]

A moulding and pattern shop (most likely a semi-temporary construction) was erected at the start of 1859.[21]

An 18-inch diameter foundry engine and tall brick chimney were erected in March and April 1861.[22]

In July 1868 a suggestion that the site would be better used as a town market became a bone of contention in the Victorian election.[23]

In August 1869 a portion of the land (owned by William Henry Shaw) was leased to Isaac Dean, auctioneer, for the purpose of erecting large sale rooms.[24]


References

  1. The Victorian Centenary Book, page 291.
  2. Graeme Cope, “Shaw, William Henry (1830—1896),” Australian Dictionary of Biography, accessed August 21, 2015.
  3. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Thursday 5 March 1857, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  4. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Wednesday 15 April 1857, page 3. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  5. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Monday 4 January 1858, page 3; 5 January 1858, page 1; Wednesday 6 January 1858, page 1. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  6. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Wednesday 10 February 1858, page 3; Wednesday 3 November 1858, page 3; Friday 24 December 1858, page 3; Friday 22 April 1859, page 3; Saturday 26 November 1859, page 4; Saturday 23 February 1861, page 3. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  7. 'The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Friday 17 December 1858, page 3; Thursday 28 March 1861, page 2; Wednesday 10 April 1861, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  8. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Thursday 8 January 1863, page 3; Tuesday 22 December 1863, page 3; Tuesday 29 March 1864, page 4; Wednesday 5 April 1865, page 4; Monday 12 June 1865, page 1; Wednesday 21 November 1866, page 3; Friday 14 December 1866, page 4. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  9. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 – 1864), Monday 26 January 1863, page 2; Friday 10 April 1863, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  10. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Friday 3 June 1864, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  11. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Wednesday 30 November 1859, page 1; Saturday 18 August 1860, page 4; Thursday 8 November 1860, page 1; Thursday 17 September 1863, page 3; Thursday 17 September 1863, page 3; Tuesday 3 November 1863, page 3; Saturday 2 January 1864, page 4; Saturday 30 January 1864, page 2; Saturday 8 April 1865, page 3; Tuesday 9 May 1865, page 3; Wednesday 24 May 1865, page 1; Monday 11 April 1870, page 2; Wednesday 30 November 1870, page 3. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  12. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Friday 27 April 1860, page 3; Wednesday 30 January 1861, page 4; Saturday 9 March 1861, page 3; Saturday 16 March 1861, page 3; Wednesday 24 April 1861, page 3; Tuesday 16 July 1861, page 4; Wednesday 4 September 1861, page 3; Thursday 24 April 1862, page 3; Wednesday 30 July 1862, page 3; Wednesday 22 April 1863, page 3; Wednesday 7 October 1863, page 3; Monday 9 November 1863, page 3; Saturday 30 April 1864, page 3; Friday 30 December 1864, page 3; Saturday 18 March 1865, page 3; Friday 21 July 1865, page 4; Saturday 22 May 1869, page 4; Thursday 12 May 1870, page 3; Friday 13 May 1870, page 4; Thursday 25 May 1871, page 3. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  13. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 – 1864), Friday 4 September 1863, page 4; Monday 7 September 1863, page 4; Monday 17 October 1864, page 2; Friday 27 January 1866, page 2; Wednesday 20 June 1866, page 2; Wednesday 11 July 1866, page 4; Thursday 2 August 1866, page 4; Tuesday 25 December 1866, page 2; Thursday 4 April 1867, page 3; Wednesday 17 April 1867, page 4; Monday 9 December 1867, page 3; Thursday 27 February 1868, page 3; Friday 30 July 1869, page 2; Wednesday 2 February 1870, page 4. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  14. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 – 1864), Monday 21 December 1863, page 2; Thursday 20 February 1868, page 2; Monday 2 May 1870, page 2; Thursday 3 November 1870, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  15. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1865 – 1924), Wednesday 8 April 1868, page 3;Monday 20 April 1869, page 4. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  16. Victoria Government Gazette, No. 45, Friday, June 13, 1873, page 1072; Victoria Government Gazette, No. 77, Friday 25 November 1870, page 1724.
  17. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Saturday 1 December 1860, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  18. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1865 - 1870; 1914 - 1918), Friday 12 July 1867, page 4. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  19. The Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), Wednesday 26 April 1871, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  20. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Thursday 5 March 1857, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  21. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Friday 17 December 1858, page 3. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  22. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Thursday 28 March 1861, page 2; Wednesday 10 April 1861, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  23. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1865 - 1870; 1914 - 1918), Thursday 2 July 1868, page 2; Thursday 2 July 1868, page 3; Thursday 2 July 1868, page 4; Friday 3 July 1868, page 2; Saturday 4 July 1868, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  24. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1865 - 1924), Thursday 19 August 1869, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.


See also

Foundries

Gong Gong Reservoir

Strike in the Shipping Trade in 1890


External Links

Location Map: Google Maps

Peter Butters, 'Ballarat’s Phoenix Foundry built a great reputation'. The Courier. June 15, 2003. http://www.thecourier.com.au/news/local/news/general/ballarats-phoenix-foundry-built-a-great-reputation/408869.aspx

http://www.goldmuseum.com.au/ehive-object-details/371120/



--C.K.Gervasoni 14:29, 21 February 2011 (EST); --Beth Kicinski 13:44, 5 January 2012, 21 May 2012, 6 March 2013 (EST)

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