Phoenix Foundry

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Phoenix Foundry. Courtesy Federation University Australia Historical Collection [Cat. No. 6599.2].

The Phoenix Foundry (1857-1906) fabricated iron and brass products - including engines and pumping gear for the mining industry, locomotives, steam rollers, water pipes, water gauges and diverse small items. Throughout its operation the business was located at premises on Armstrong Street, Ballarat (where Central Square now stands).


Contents

History

Background

In 1852, at the age of thirty-three and after a year of operating his own engineering business at Williamstown[1], Lancashire-born blacksmith and engineer George Threlfall (1819-1897) arrived on the Sebastopol gold plain and immediately undertook blacksmith work repairing picks and tools for the miners. Little did he know that this fledgling business would be the genesis of the most iconic business of nineteenth-century Ballarat.


At approximately thirty-nine years of age, English mechanical engineer Richard Carter (c1814-1883) came to Australia on board the Arrogant - arriving in Melbourne on 19 April 1853. He soon travelled to the Ballarat goldfields.


Born in the year 1830 in Belfast (Ireland), mechanical engineer William Henry Shaw (1830-1896) arrived in Australia in October 1853. He worked briefly with George Threlfall at Sebastopol, then moved to Geelong to manage the small foundry of Frederick Moore.[2]


Twenty-four year old English-born iron moulder Robert Holden (c1831-1911) left his home in Belfast (Ireland) in late 1854 and travelled from Liverpool to Melbourne on board the James Baines - arriving in February 1855. Afterwards he joined his brother-in-law William Henry Shaw in Ballarat.


The Partnership Years

In March 1857 George Threlfall joined in business with Richard Carter, William Henry Shaw and Robert Holden. They relocated Threlfall's successful engineering enterprise from Sebastopol to new premises in Armstrong Street, Ballarat.[3] This business was then known variously as the Phoenix Iron Works Company, Phoenix Foundry or Messrs Carter and Co. By 15 April 1857 they were advertising that they were open for business as engineers, millwrights, boiler makers, smiths, iron founders and brass founders.[4]


Less than a year later a major period of change began. In January 1858 George Threlfall left the partnership.[5] Then, between February 1858 and February 1861, a number of qualified fitters, turners, moulders, smiths and patternmakers were hired into the Foundry.[6] Also, a sizeable moulding and pattern shop was added, Victoria's largest foundry engine installed, and a tall brick chimney erected for diverting the furnace fumes.[7] In a highly-competitive, rapidly-growing local industry, the Phoenix Foundry emerged as the premiere engineering works.


Starting and building engineering works of this nature and size in a new colony required forging new supply chains. Customers were almost certainly assured, through the settlement of a population that would demand the modern conveniences to which they were accustomed. The relative remoteness of Ballarat, though, made the Foundry's supplies more difficult to secure. Depending upon the workload, furnace fires could be required to burn at full capacity for up to 24 hours of the day. Coal was the fuel most commonly used for the task, but coal was expensive to import. To keep the furnaces burning, the Foundry relied on local wood cutters for a sizeable and consistent supply of fuel.[8] Pig iron and other metals had to be of a particular type and were largely imported.[9] When it came to sand required for the moulding process, however, the Foundry was fortunate in its location. In nearby Mount Pleasant, the same sort of geological profile that favoured gold mining also provided a place for securing a supply of the necessary sand.[10]


Throughout the 1860s, and into the start of the 1870s, gold mining provided the bulk of work for the men of the Foundry. They constructed, repaired and re-sold steam engines, boilers, stamp heads, quartz crushing machinery and pumping machinery of ever-increasing size and complexity.[11] In servicing the needs of the miners, the Foundry regularly called for the tenders of carters, carpenters, masons and machinery erectors to assist them in fulfilling their contracts.[12] Relying so heavily upon the mining industry was not without its risks, though. Between September 1863 and February 1870 the Foundry was forced to make use the local court system time and again to enforce payment for services rendered.[13] Still, significant work came from other sources, and products of the Foundry became part of the local scenery. Pipes, valves and various other pieces were placed in the water works infrastructure of Ballarat and Clunes, and a tall crane was erected at the site of Ballarat's Town Hall.[14] The partnership further entrenched itself within the community, subscribing to the Ballarat Fire Brigade and the Ballarat Agricultural and Pastoral Society.[15]


In slightly more than a decade of operations, the Phoenix Foundry became an integral part of the local social and economic structures. In that time, though, the local metalworking industry had developed so fully that competition was making it harder for the business to continue to run in the same way. Although the partnership of Carter, Shaw and Holden was not officially dissolved until 5 June 1873 the main business was restructured and registered as The Phoenix Foundry Company (Limited) on 25 November 1870.[16]

The Company Years

Phoenix Foundry machine shop. Courtesy Federation University Australia Historical Collection [Cat. No. 6599].
Phoenix Company's foundry, Ballarat, 1882. Courtesy Art Gallery of Ballarat [Purchased with funds from the L.J. Wilson Bequest].


Innovations

Works Produced

Works produced by the Phoenix Foundry for the mining industry

Civil engineering works by the Phoenix Foundry

Locomotives produced by the Phoenix Foundry

Miscellaneous works produced by the Phoenix Foundry

The People

Members of the Phoenix Foundry Smith's Shop, circa 1890. Courtesy private collection of Paul Chandler.

Two plus signs (++) following a name indicates an individual who died in the Foundry (or as a result of events in the Foundry).

  1. Charles Abbott (c1845-1901)
  2. E. Abbott
  3. John Nicholas Goodman Ackerly (1857-1892)
  4. R. Ackersley
  5. Phillip Francis Acott (1869-1940)
  6. Joseph William Aird (1882-1945)
  7. John Aitcheson
  8. A. Allen
  9. W. Allen
  10. John Anderson
  11. T. Andrews
  12. J. Ardie
  13. C. Armstrong
  14. George Armstrong
  15. James Armstrong
  16. John Armstrong (c1851-1914)
  17. Joseph Armstrong (c1849-1929)
  18. Walter Armstrong (c1825-1889)
  19. Walter Armstrong (1861-1943)
  20. W. Arthur
  21. William Hurley Askwith (1830-1887)
  22. Thomas Richard Atkinson (1856-1930)
  23. Thomas Henry Avison (c1820-1868)
  24. T. Bacon
  25. Samuel L. Bailey (1843-1920)
  26. Thomas Sleight Bailey (1856-1932)
  27. Louis Ludwig Ballhausen (1857-1912)
  28. M. Banks
  29. P. Banks
  30. Felix Edward Barbat (1858-1928)
  31. Thomas Barlow
  32. George Barnett
  33. J. Barnett
  34. A. Barr
  35. James Barr
  36. R. Barr
  37. James Barratt
  38. J. Bartes
  39. G. Bartlett
  40. James W. Batie (1823-1907)
  41. James William Batie (1856-1937)
  42. William Batie (1861-?)
  43. J. Baxindale
  44. J. Bayard
  45. Walter Reed Bechervaise (1861-1927)
  46. George Belcher (c1853-1887)
  47. Alexander Bell (c1851-1931)
  48. F. Bell
  49. T. Bell
  50. W. Bell
  51. John Bennett
  52. R. Bennett
  53. W. M. Bennett
  54. William Henry Benoit (1861-1938)
  55. Harold John Thomas Berryman (1884-1951)
  56. Henry William Martin Binder (1867-1910)
  57. Robert Jeffrey Binder (1831-1906)
  58. James Binnie (1854-1898)
  59. --- Birch
  60. C. Bishop
  61. Peter Black (c1835-1911)
  62. William Blair (c1834-1876)
  63. Alfred Ernest Blee (1871-1910)
  64. William George Blee (1875-1929)
  65. George Henry Blight (1854-1937)
  66. George Blomeley (1851-1898)
  67. Albert William Bodycomb (1863-1945)
  68. Alfred Bodycomb
  69. Bedlington Bodycomb (1855-1919)
  70. J. H. Bodycomb
  71. John Rhys Bodycomb (1861-1897)
  72. Robert Bodycomb (1857-?)
  73. Thomas C. Bodycomb (1829-1919)
  74. James Bohan (1868-1892)
  75. Jacob Boller (1871-1886)
  76. George William Bollom (1859-1935)
  77. John Robert Borch (c1835-1900)
  78. Alfred Bothroyd (1872-1936)
  79. Phillip Bowen (1882-1927)
  80. R. Bowen
  81. W. Bowen
  82. Benjamin Bradbury (c1846-1882)
  83. Henry Bradbury (c1842-1917)
  84. H. Bradley
  85. George Bray
  86. William Bray (1856-1932)
  87. P. Brewer
  88. Joseph Edward Brindle (c1866-1949)
  89. William Brindle (c1838-1901)
  90. William Brodie (1861-?)
  91. J. Brooks
  92. James Brooks (c1886-1904)
  93. Daniel Brophy (1832-1895)
  94. James Campbell Brown (1857-1936)
  95. Joseph Brown
  96. Wilfred Lionel Reed Brown (1889-1917)
  97. William Alfred Brown (1860-1931)
  98. --- Bryan
  99. Francis Bulch (c1861-1886)
  100. Thomas Edward Bulch (1863-1930)
  101. A. Bull
  102. J. Bull
  103. William Campbell Burbidge (c1832-1908)
  104. J. Burnett
  105. Alfred James Burns (1865-1941)
  106. F. Burns
  107. G. Burns
  108. H. Burns
  109. Thomas Burns (c1839-1917)
  110. W. Burns
  111. --- Burton
  112. Albert Henry Cadd (1857-1907)
  113. William Black Cairncross (1859-1927)
  114. George Cairns (1864-1900)
  115. J. Cairns
  116. Frederick Caldecoat (1856-1939)
  117. John Caldwell (1863-1925)
  118. Frederick Edward William Callaway (c1855-1935)
  119. Samuel Thomas Cameron (1860-1891)
  120. T. Cameron
  121. W. Campbell
  122. William James Canning (1870-1956)
  123. W. A. Cannon
  124. William Carmichael
  125. David Carnegie (1857-1890)
  126. William Henry Carpenter (1863-1930)
  127. James Carroll (c1832-1901)
  128. H. Carson
  129. John Carter
  130. Richard Carter (c1814-1883)
  131. William Carter (1864-?)
  132. John Carthew (c1850-1886)
  133. Alexander Chalmers (1859-1922)
  134. H. Chappin
  135. C. Charles
  136. Edward Charnley (?-1912)
  137. Joseph Wicks Chegwidden (1836-1882)
  138. Alexander Chisholm (1862-1929)
  139. Robert Chisholm (c1858-1911)
  140. Charles Chown (c1850-1923)
  141. Andrew Clark (1858-1906)
  142. C. Clark
  143. James Clark
  144. John Thomas Clark (1858-1893)
  145. Charles Clay (c1822-1901)
  146. William Cleary
  147. J. Clinton
  148. Edward Chalmers Close (1852-1924)
  149. Robert Maxwell Close (1857-1941)
  150. Frederick Coates (1856-1925)
  151. William Coburn (c1856-1937)
  152. Patrick Coffey (c1853-1946)
  153. John Amos Colley (1839-1920)
  154. Henry Collins (1866-?)
  155. J. Collins
  156. Richard Collinson
  157. Patrick Conaughton (1870-1937)
  158. John Edwin Congress (c1827-1882)
  159. Thomas Cook
  160. David Cooper (1854-1934)
  161. Horatio Cooper (1831-1900)
  162. Samuel Cooper (1856-?)
  163. Henry Coppin (c1843-1904)
  164. Charles Gray Coundon (1858-1885)
  165. A. Couper
  166. Thomas Alexander Couper (1863-1952)
  167. J. Coward
  168. W. Cowie
  169. Joseph Edward Cowley (1847-1910)
  170. Edward Thomas Cox (1851-1930)
  171. T. Cox
  172. R. Crank
  173. Thomas Rodd Crews (c1829-1892)
  174. Andrew Hutchinson Croll (1839-1897)
  175. George Croll (1837-1919)
  176. J. Cullen
  177. William Cundy (c1830-1918)
  178. S. Curphey
  179. Thomas Curphey (1846-1940)
  180. H. Cuss
  181. T. Cuthbertson
  182. D. Cutler
  183. John Henry Dale (c1869-1916)
  184. Joseph Damyon (c1856-?)
  185. W. J. Daniel
  186. J. Dark
  187. Walter Albert Dauncey (1868-1953)
  188. John Taylor Davey (?-1933)
  189. T. Davidson
  190. Albert Edward Davies
  191. James Richard Davies
  192. John Davies (1860-?)
  193. Oliver Owen Davies (1866-1912)
  194. T. H. Davies
  195. William Davies
  196. Francis Henry Davis (1858-1940)
  197. M. F. Davis
  198. Stanley Kingston Davis (1883-1942)
  199. C. Davison
  200. H. Dawson
  201. George Eadon Deakin (c1826-1886)
  202. W. Dean
  203. William Rufus Deeble (1855-1936)
  204. --- Dempsey
  205. Harrison Denham (c1851-1914)
  206. C. Dennis
  207. E. Dennis
  208. T. Dennis
  209. John Edward Derham (1869-1944)
  210. Charles Dickinson
  211. W. Dobson
  212. John Doney (1863-1947)
  213. Philip Dorter (1882-1963)
  214. Thomas Errington Douglas (1864-1941)
  215. William Alexander Gordon Douglas (1880-1948)
  216. J. Dow
  217. Edwin Gumma Downey (c1835-1899)
  218. C. Drake
  219. James Drummond
  220. Norman Drummond
  221. Gilbert Duncan (c1829-1892)
  222. J. Duncan
  223. William Duncan
  224. J. Dunfy
  225. D. J. Dunn
  226. James Dunstan (c1863-1890)
  227. William Francis Durnell (1856-1917)
  228. William Earnshaw
  229. Richard Alfred Ebbels (1859-1943)
  230. W. Eddy
  231. A. Edwards
  232. D. Edwards
  233. --- Eggleston
  234. James Eccles Ellis (1839-1881)
  235. Thomas Vaughan Elsbury (1854-1928)
  236. William Errington (c1832-1894)
  237. John Ewart (c1864-1938)
  238. W. Ewart
  239. George Ewin
  240. J. Ewins
  241. S. Eyres
  242. Andrew Fallow (c1845-1887)
  243. Frederick Edward Farckens (c1861-1905)
  244. --- Farley
  245. G. Farrow
  246. A. Fawcett
  247. Joseph Fell (c1855-?)
  248. Daniel Robert Fern (1866-?)
  249. G. Field
  250. James Field (c1869-?)
  251. T. Field
  252. E. Fisher
  253. George Lawson Fleming (1871-1911)
  254. John Flynn (c1850-1906)
  255. A. Fotheringham
  256. F. Frain
  257. C. Frank
  258. John Cumming Fraser (?-1936)
  259. Edward Henry Freed (1856-1930)
  260. J. Freeman
  261. John Friend (c1840-1920)
  262. A. Gaff
  263. William Gallie (c1831-1910)
  264. J. Gallon
  265. J. Gates
  266. William Henry Gaunt (1830-1905)
  267. Philip Gay (1861-1941)
  268. H. Gease
  269. P. George
  270. Theophilus George (1857-1935)
  271. William Getson
  272. R. Gibbons
  273. G. Gibson
  274. James Gibson (1830-1910)
  275. James Gibson (c1851-1894)
  276. R. Gibson
  277. E. Gilbert
  278. G. Gilbourne
  279. James Alexander Gilchrist (1875-1950)
  280. G. Gills
  281. G. Gittins
  282. John Glasson (1857-1935)
  283. Alfred Glenister (c1826-1873)
  284. Samuel Alfred Glenister (1865-1905)
  285. David G. Glover (1873-1944)
  286. John Thomson Glover (1880-1937)
  287. Joseph Gommeson (1847-1920)
  288. Charles Gordon
  289. William Henry Gordon (c1845-1921)
  290. John Graham
  291. J. A. Grainger
  292. Henry Grammer (c1846-1883)
  293. J. Grant
  294. Henry Thomas Harrison Grave (1866-1934)
  295. Hugh Gray (1810-1880)
  296. James Burns Gray (c1854-1934)
  297. Thomas Gray
  298. W. Gray
  299. H. Grose
  300. Gilbert Arthur Guinn (1862-1877)
  301. Henry Major Gullan (1869-1942)
  302. James Stirling Gullan (1874-1904)
  303. Norman Gunn
  304. William Robertson Gunn (c1850-1882)
  305. Henry Arthur Entwist Haigh (1866-1921)
  306. J. Haines
  307. Charles Hall
  308. Hubert Ferndale Hall (1881-1954)
  309. James Hall
  310. G. Halliday
  311. John Halse
  312. G. Hamilton
  313. James Hammond
  314. Gustav Adolph Hang (c1858-1886)
  315. John Hardy (c1835-1890)
  316. Leonard Gillespie Hardy (1830-1870)
  317. John Hare (c1865-?)
  318. Frederick Lewis Harnack (1846-1915)
  319. D. Harris
  320. A. Harrison
  321. Arthur John Vallance Harrison (1881-1957)
  322. Henry Harrison
  323. J. A. Harrison
  324. James Harrison
  325. James Harrison (1875-1933)
  326. Thomas Harrison
  327. W. Harrison
  328. John Harry
  329. George Harvey (c1831-1897)
  330. J. Harvey
  331. James Henry Harvey (1860-1913)
  332. G. Hawkins
  333. William Hay (c1822-1902)
  334. J. Hearn
  335. Richard Joseph Hearn (c1850-1915)
  336. James Harvey Heath (1858-1908)
  337. Richard Heathcote (c1824-1884)
  338. Richard Heathcote (c1847-1921)
  339. A. Hele
  340. Richard Hennah (c1847-1921)
  341. Frederick Godfrey Henning (Phoenix Foundry)
  342. John Hewett (c1849-1933)
  343. J. Hewitson
  344. D. Hicks
  345. G. Hicks
  346. William J. Hicks (c1829-1898)
  347. John Hill
  348. Frank Hilton
  349. Arthur Hobbs
  350. William Hobson (c1836-1897)
  351. George Hodge (c1837-1914)
  352. Edward Hogan
  353. --- Hogg
  354. William Holcroft (c1837-1890)
  355. J. Holden
  356. Robert Holden (c1831-1911)
  357. J. Holland
  358. Thomas Tuke Holloway (1856-1931)
  359. Charles Homewood (1838-1915)
  360. S. Hope
  361. Albert William Hopkins (c1858-?)
  362. Robert John Horgan (c1853-1933)
  363. James Thomas Williams Hosken (c1854-1937)
  364. Edwin Hossack (1844-1887)
  365. George Hossack (1860-1951)
  366. William Howard (1857-?)
  367. J. Howell
  368. A. Hubbard
  369. William Hughes
  370. E. Hull
  371. William Humphris (c1847-1908)
  372. R. Hunt
  373. Gabriel Thomas Hunter (c1837-1913)
  374. Henry Hunter (1863-1912)
  375. James Hunter (1831-1892)
  376. William Hurdsfield (c1863-1936)
  377. E. Husford
  378. A. Inglis
  379. James Irvine (c1860-1934)
  380. Gotfried Herman Jacobi (c1854-1929)
  381. C. James
  382. T. Jeffcott
  383. R. Jefferies
  384. Andrew Jeffs (carpenter)
  385. Nicholas John Jenkins (1856-1906)
  386. S. Jenkins
  387. T. Jenkins
  388. W. Jenkins
  389. George Frederick Jewkes (1868-1940)
  390. Joseph Jewkes (1824-1903)
  391. Morgan Bevan John (1841-1921)
  392. James Johns (c1824-1883)
  393. A. Johnson
  394. John Samuel Johnson (c1824-1904)
  395. W. Johnson
  396. G. Johnston
  397. James Johnston (c1846-1934)
  398. R. Johnston
  399. B. Jones
  400. H. Jones
  401. J. Jones
  402. P. Jones
  403. S. Jones
  404. Tudor Bristock Reece Jones (1884-1961)
  405. E. J. Kay
  406. J. H. Kay
  407. W. Kay
  408. John Keating (c1833-1905)
  409. W. Kellay
  410. A. Kelly
  411. G. Kelly (1)
  412. G. Kelly (2)
  413. Robert H. Kelly
  414. Thomas Kelly
  415. Alexander Kennedy (c1831-1892)
  416. James Anthony Kennedy (c1838-1915)
  417. Ernest Nicholas Kent (1884-1950)
  418. Johann Wilhelm Kerger (1834-1914)
  419. Alfred Ernest Campbell Kerr (c1868-1939)
  420. H. Kiene
  421. William King
  422. Thomas Kingsley
  423. Martin Ryan Kirwan (c1838-1914)
  424. J. Know
  425. --- Kphipps
  426. A. Kurreith
  427. Walter Kydd
  428. Andrew Brown Laird (1864-1926)
  429. Ernest Corrie Campbell Laird (1871-1914)
  430. John Laird (1860-?)
  431. George Martin Laland (1870-1940)
  432. R. Lamb
  433. Robert Mann Lambert (1856-1930)
  434. --- Lang
  435. David Laverick (1875-1918)
  436. James Lawrie (1859-1891)
  437. Thomas Lawson (1884-?)
  438. William Henry Lawson (c1881-1953)
  439. George Lee (1825-1860)
  440. H. Lees
  441. William Owen Leonard (1872-1928)
  442. John Leslie
  443. W. Leslie
  444. --- Leslie
  445. David Lessels (c1853-1912)
  446. John Lessels (1825-1874)
  447. William Lindsay
  448. Thomas Denis Lingham (1868-1944)
  449. P. Little
  450. George Littler (1815-1864)
  451. Thomas William Littler (1854-1927)
  452. Richard Llewellyn
  453. H. Long
  454. Philip Thomas Long (1859-1933)
  455. John George Longley (1869-1944)
  456. George Lovitt
  457. Ernest Lucas
  458. John Lukeis (1858-1945)
  459. Charles Lyons
  460. M. Lyons
  461. George Macara (c1863-1936)
  462. William Macara (1828-1909)
  463. William Macara (1868-?)
  464. David Barkley Macaw (c1862-1938)
  465. W. Mackay
  466. Alexander Mackie (c1830-1918)
  467. William Maclean
  468. Thomas James Maddaford (1868-1949)
  469. William Snell Tandy Magee (1859-1889)
  470. D. Main
  471. Henry Charles Major (1860-1923)
  472. B. Mallison
  473. Alexander Manderson (1851-1916)
  474. William George Manners (1863-1924)
  475. Michael Joseph Mannix (1881-1934)
  476. Charles James Marquand (1872-1943)
  477. W. Marsh
  478. Charles James Marshman (?-1902)
  479. D. Marshman
  480. A. Martin
  481. Alexander Martin
  482. F. Martin
  483. J. A. Martin
  484. James Martin
  485. Peter Martin (1863-1944)
  486. T. Martin
  487. Francis Mason
  488. I. Mason
  489. James Edwin Mason (1882-1958)
  490. W. Matthews
  491. W. Mayall
  492. E. McCarthy
  493. J. McCulloch
  494. D. McDermott
  495. John Young McDonald (1837-1917)
  496. --- McDonnell
  497. Edward Patrick McElroy (1873-?)
  498. C. McGill
  499. H. McGoe
  500. A. McGregor
  501. Donald McGregor (c1861-1956)
  502. D. McIntosh
  503. J. McIntosh
  504. L. McIntosh
  505. Donald McIntyre
  506. J. McKay
  507. John McKenzie (c1817-1889)
  508. R. McKenzie
  509. William McKimm (c1853-1935)
  510. C. McLean
  511. J. McLean
  512. Lachlan McLean (?-1872)
  513. A. McLennon
  514. J. McManamny
  515. Patrick McManamny (1864-1928)
  516. A. McNair
  517. R. McNair
  518. Alexander McNaughton
  519. James Blackmore McQuie (1830-1916)
  520. Thomas Blair Meekison (1866-1942)
  521. D. Meldrum
  522. Francis Menzies (1864-1943)
  523. James Menzies (1862-1945)
  524. William Menzies (c1857-1921)
  525. W. Mewley
  526. Ernest Henry Middleditch (1865-1948)
  527. C. Middleton
  528. Richard Greenwood Middleton (1851-1905)
  529. W. Miles
  530. George Miller (1877-?)
  531. James Miller (c1838-1911)
  532. James Miller (1859-1896)
  533. James Miller (1862-1916)
  534. Robert Miller (c1859-1896)
  535. William Miller (1864-1929)
  536. William John Millett (?-1946)
  537. Solomon Mirls (1843-1889)
  538. Benjamin Mitchell (c1874-?)
  539. Ernest Mitchell (c1874-?)
  540. John Mitchell
  541. John Mobbe
  542. Joseph C. Mobberley (1846-1923)
  543. Joshua Mobberley (?-1913)
  544. M. Modgin
  545. --- Moet
  546. Edward Morey (1832-1907)
  547. Charles Morgan (1852-?)
  548. David James Morgan (c1829-1867)++
  549. Robert Yolland Morgan (1868-1946)
  550. Samuel John Morgan (1828-1909)
  551. Samuel John Morgan (1856-1939)
  552. Edward Morris
  553. John Patrick Morris (1839-1898)
  554. P. Morris
  555. William Morris (1869-1922)
  556. John Morrison
  557. T. Morrison
  558. W. G. Morrison
  559. William Morrison
  560. Hugh Wilson Morrow (1840-1911)
  561. T. Morse
  562. Francis Mossom (?-1900)
  563. J. Mosson
  564. James William Moxham (c1844-1938)
  565. John Muir (1858-1896)
  566. --- Muir
  567. C. Mullard
  568. F. Muller
  569. W. Mumbray
  570. D. Munro
  571. F. Murphy
  572. Patrick Murphy (1863-1917)
  573. William Francis Murphy (1875-1936)
  574. John Murray
  575. James Musgrove (c1851-1889)
  576. James Newman
  577. Henry James Nichol (c1854-1892)
  578. George Roberts Norman (1862-1938)
  579. A. North
  580. James Northey (c1861-1934)
  581. John Laverick Nunn (1862-1884)
  582. J. O'Brien
  583. F. O'Keefe
  584. M. O'Malley
  585. Thomas O'Meara
  586. W. O'Shannassy
  587. Thomas Oliver
  588. James Michael Opie (1855-1929)
  589. W. Opie
  590. William H. Oppy, blacksmith
  591. Francis Osborne (1832-1868)
  592. John Osborne (1831-1906)
  593. W. Oyston
  594. E. Page
  595. --- Page (1)
  596. --- Page (2)
  597. Charles Robert Pamphilon (c1849-1919)
  598. Charles Parker
  599. James Astley Parker (c1818-1908)
  600. --- Parker
  601. Thomas Pyne Parsons (c1863-1944)
  602. E. Pas
  603. John Randle Pascoe (1835-1881)
  604. George Thomas Pattenden (1865-1936)
  605. William Patten (c1872-?)
  606. J. Patterson
  607. R. Patterson
  608. W. Payne
  609. George Pearce (c1832-1859)
  610. Henry James Pearce (1866-1906)
  611. J. Pearce
  612. William Pearce (c1838-1920)
  613. C. Peirce
  614. William Penhall (1847-1917)
  615. J. Perkins
  616. William Moses Perkins (1854-1915)
  617. J. Perrie
  618. George Perry (c1828-1900)
  619. George Albert Pethard (1855-1929)
  620. G. Phillip
  621. W. Phillips
  622. --- Phillips
  623. George Richard C. Pirrie (1831-1910)
  624. Robert Pitfield (c1843-?)
  625. F. Pittard
  626. George Phillip Pittard (1850-1924)
  627. H. Powell
  628. John Powell
  629. T. Powell
  630. A. Prentice
  631. John F. Price
  632. W. Prouse
  633. William Hamlet Purdy (1859-1914)
  634. William Quayle
  635. Edward Michael Quinlivan (1872-1940)
  636. J. Quinn
  637. John Henry Mathews Raby (c1833-1922)
  638. J. Ralph
  639. Thomas Ramsay
  640. H. Redfern
  641. Thomas Redfern (c1832-1917)
  642. T. Reece
  643. Charles Hugh Reeves (c1874-1896)
  644. William Charles Reeves (c1845-1927)
  645. Alexander Nimmo Reid (1866-1886)
  646. E. Reid
  647. Hugh Reid (c1841-1901)
  648. Robert Rattray Reid (1872-1942)
  649. William Reynard (c1873-?)
  650. A. Reynolds
  651. Charles Reynolds
  652. J. Reynolds
  653. A. Richards
  654. George Richards (1843-1921)
  655. J. Richards
  656. S. Richards
  657. William Henry Richards (1867-1898)
  658. --- Richards
  659. Max Richter
  660. Charles Rillstone (1845-1923)
  661. George Alexander Rillstone (1862-1939)
  662. John Rillstone (1830-1894)
  663. John Edward Rillstone (1854-1928)
  664. Richard Rillstone (c1860-1911)
  665. T. J. Rillstone
  666. T. Rimmell
  667. --- Risbury
  668. J. Ritchie
  669. J. Roberts
  670. N. Roberts
  671. W. Roberts
  672. William Roberts (1873-1960)
  673. J. Robertson (1)
  674. J. Robertson (2)
  675. J. Robertson (3)
  676. John Robertson (1823-1893)
  677. W. Robertson
  678. J. Robinson
  679. --- Rogers
  680. D. Ross
  681. W. Ross
  682. William Skelding Round (1828-1897)
  683. William Skelding Round (1854-1942)
  684. William Rowe
  685. T. Rowell
  686. W. J. Rowell
  687. --- Rowell
  688. D. Ryan
  689. H. Sainsbury
  690. Henry Sampson
  691. John Sanderson
  692. W. Sansbury
  693. G. Saunders
  694. W. Saunders
  695. Alfred Doherty Scammell (1867-?)
  696. Philip Irving Scammell (1865-1914)
  697. James Scarff (1863-1933)
  698. John Schaefer
  699. George Schnitzler (1863-1914)
  700. M. Schrader
  701. Henry Scott
  702. R. Scott
  703. W. Scott
  704. R. Semmel
  705. Frank Blamire Sewell (1869-1905)
  706. George Frederick Sewell (1864-?)
  707. Richard Blamire Sewell (1837-1915)
  708. Richard Charles Sewell (1862-1900)
  709. A. Shand
  710. John Shand (c1832-?)
  711. Robert Shand (c1831-1877)
  712. Henry Shanks (c1827-1879)
  713. J. Sharp
  714. Annie Eliza Shaw (c1839-1932)
  715. Edgar Hunter Shaw (1879-1975)
  716. H. Shaw
  717. James Cleeland Shaw (1862-1949)
  718. James Smith Shaw (c1804-1872)
  719. John Minnis Shaw (1871-1929)
  720. William Henry Shaw (1830-1896)
  721. William Henry Shaw (1865-1957)
  722. John Sheldon
  723. George Sheppard (c1863-?)
  724. --- Sheridan
  725. Charles Siddall (c1863-?)
  726. William Slee
  727. G. S. Slighe
  728. Thomas Smail (1866-1952)
  729. Adam Smith (c1825-1888)
  730. E. Smith
  731. G. Smith
  732. James Smith (c1831-1877)
  733. Thomas Smith
  734. W. H. Smith
  735. William Smith
  736. William Collard Smith (1830-1894)
  737. --- Smith
  738. Archibald Sneddon (c1852-1937)
  739. Thomas Ernest Gladstone Sneddon (1884-1901)
  740. William Sneddon (1849-1935)
  741. William Sneddon (1879-1962)
  742. Ernest Albert Spence (1876-1959)
  743. David Cooper Spiers (1855-1925)
  744. J. Stabb
  745. A. Stanley
  746. E. Statton
  747. --- Stebart
  748. --- Stephens
  749. Frederick William Stephenson (1860-1937)
  750. John Oliver Stephenson (c1825-1905)
  751. G. Stevenson
  752. William Stevenson (1847-1910)
  753. Charles Stewart
  754. John Donald Stewart (1857-1932)
  755. R. Stewart
  756. R. Stockall
  757. William Henry Stokeld (1859-1921)
  758. John T. Stone (c1871-1930)
  759. Thomas Stone
  760. W. B. Stone
  761. Joah Humphrey Sugden (1874-1961)
  762. Denis Sullivan
  763. J. Sullivan
  764. T. Sumauby
  765. Pickles Sunderland (c1826-1902)
  766. W. Symmonds
  767. John Tainsh (1848-1925)
  768. John Tanner
  769. William Henry Tanner (c1841-1914)
  770. A. Tapper
  771. J. Taylor (1)
  772. J. Taylor (2)
  773. John Teasdale (c1832-1897)
  774. William Teasdale (1858-1898)
  775. Samuel Tennant
  776. James Thick
  777. John Shaw Thom (c1823-1910)
  778. J. Thomas
  779. L. Thomas
  780. Richard Thomas
  781. T. Thomas
  782. A. Thompson
  783. J. Thompson
  784. Robert Thompson (1849-1915)
  785. S. Thompson
  786. E. Thomson
  787. George Threlfall (1819-1897)
  788. Thomas Thursfield (1823-1906)
  789. Thomas Thursfield (1872-1936)
  790. Frederick George Timmings (1864-1924)
  791. Henry Tinsley (c1825-1905)
  792. John William Tinsley (c1852-1920)
  793. M. Tipper
  794. W. Tipper
  795. J. Tistler
  796. W. Todd
  797. Richard Trahar (1855-1924)
  798. Frederick Alfred Trawin (1855-1937)
  799. Robert Tremain (1840-1890)
  800. George William Trewhella (1889-1980)
  801. William Trewhella (1859-1951)
  802. Henry Troon (1846-1929)
  803. John Morrison Troup (1830-1887)
  804. Walter Heggie Troup (1866-1939)
  805. W. Tullage
  806. John Tulloch
  807. G. Turner
  808. --- Turner
  809. John Richard Upton (c1841-1912)
  810. John Thomas Vercoe (1860-1928)
  811. W. Vertue/Virtue
  812. John Vasey (c1824-1901)
  813. H. Walch
  814. Frank Walker (c1866-?)
  815. John Walker (c1851-?)
  816. R. Walker
  817. J. Wallace
  818. --- Waller
  819. M. Walsh
  820. R. Walsh
  821. --- Walsh
  822. R. Walshe
  823. S. Walters
  824. William H. Walters
  825. J. Walton
  826. P. Ward
  827. W. Wareham
  828. Herman Recard Warlond (1857-1948)
  829. George Wasley
  830. Edward Watson (c1841-?)
  831. F. Watson
  832. G. Watson
  833. John Joseph Watson (c1856-1885)
  834. W. Watson (1)
  835. W. Watson (2)
  836. W. Watson (3)
  837. William Watson (1863-1914)
  838. John Webb (1856-1939)
  839. Francis Webster (c1835-1909)
  840. W. Weinart
  841. W. Weinrief
  842. J. Weir
  843. B. B. Wells
  844. Joseph Vincent Wells (c1851-1930)
  845. T. Wells
  846. W. West
  847. --- Westwood
  848. O. Wetterling
  849. T. Wheeler
  850. A. White
  851. George White
  852. J. White
  853. S. White
  854. George Alfred Whitefield (1868-1951)
  855. H. Whittington
  856. Charles Widdy (1828-1899)
  857. George Frank Wightman (1868-1938)
  858. C. Williams
  859. D. Williams
  860. James Elijah Williams (1876-1953)
  861. Samuel Williams
  862. Thomas Williams (c1856-1939)
  863. M. Williamson
  864. T. Williamson
  865. D. Willis
  866. W. Willis
  867. P. Wills
  868. A. Wilson
  869. Henry Colborne Wilson (1855-1921)
  870. Henry Francis Wilson (1859-1945)
  871. J. Wilson
  872. W. Wilson
  873. James Thomson Wishart (c1875-1941)
  874. Stewart Wishart (c1850-1884)
  875. G. Wood
  876. A. Woods
  877. E. Woods
  878. Richard Worland (1849-1939)
  879. Francis Oliver Worrall (c1853-1903)
  880. John Worthington (c1874-?)
  881. J. Wotherspoon
  882. Frank George Wright (1870-1892)
  883. W. Wyatt
  884. Charles Henry Treleaven Yates (1855-1922)
  885. D. Young
  886. John Young (1)
  887. John Young (2)
  888. Peter Carl Zeis (1867-1945)
  889. Toby ---


Workplace Relations

Under the direction of the Ballarat Moulders' Club the moulders went out on strike from the Foundry on 26 November 1860.[17]

In late June or early July 1867 a strike occurred at the Foundry. A new labourer, hired to ensure the continuance of work, experienced rough treatment at the hands of a striking worker. The Foundry instituted legal proceedings against the assailant.[18]

The Phoenix Foundry Company (Limited) was the first foundry in Ballarat and district to be formed with workers as shareholders.[19]

Strike in 1889

Phoenix Foundry Employés Accident Association


Community Involvement

Community Organisations

Ballarat Agricultural Society - Ballarat Benevolent Asylum - Ballarat Hospital - Ballarat Orphan Asylum - Ballarat School of Mines - Smeaton, Spring Hill and Bullarook Agricultural Association

Events

Australian Juvenile Exhibitions (1878)


Clubs, etc.

Phoenix Foundry Brass Band - Phoenix Foundry Cricket Club - Phoenix Foundry Dramatic Club - Phoenix Foundry Football Club - Phoenix Foundry Glee Club - Phoenix Foundry School of Artisans - Phoenix Foundry Quadrille Club


Legacies

Site

Phoenix Foundry Land Sale, 1947. Courtesy Federation University Australia Historical Collection [Cat. No. 6599.2 image gift of Ron Woods].

In early 1857 the Phoenix Foundry was established in Ballarat central, on a site between Sturt Street and Dana Street, bounded on the east by Dawson Street and the west by Doveton Street.[20]

A moulding and pattern shop (most likely a semi-temporary construction) was erected at the start of 1859.[21]

An 18-inch diameter foundry engine and tall brick chimney were erected in March and April 1861.[22]

In July 1868 a suggestion that the site would be better used as a town market became a bone of contention in the Victorian election.[23]

In August 1869 a portion of the land (owned by William Henry Shaw) was leased to Isaac Dean, auctioneer, for the purpose of erecting large sale rooms.[24]


References

  1. The Victorian Centenary Book, page 291.
  2. Graeme Cope, “Shaw, William Henry (1830—1896),” Australian Dictionary of Biography, accessed August 21, 2015.
  3. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Thursday 5 March 1857, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  4. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Wednesday 15 April 1857, page 3. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  5. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Monday 4 January 1858, page 3; 5 January 1858, page 1; Wednesday 6 January 1858, page 1. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  6. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Wednesday 10 February 1858, page 3; Wednesday 3 November 1858, page 3; Friday 24 December 1858, page 3; Friday 22 April 1859, page 3; Saturday 26 November 1859, page 4; Saturday 23 February 1861, page 3. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  7. 'The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Friday 17 December 1858, page 3; Thursday 28 March 1861, page 2; Wednesday 10 April 1861, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  8. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Thursday 8 January 1863, page 3; Tuesday 22 December 1863, page 3; Tuesday 29 March 1864, page 4; Wednesday 5 April 1865, page 4; Monday 12 June 1865, page 1; Wednesday 21 November 1866, page 3; Friday 14 December 1866, page 4. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  9. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 – 1864), Monday 26 January 1863, page 2; Friday 10 April 1863, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  10. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Friday 3 June 1864, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  11. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Wednesday 30 November 1859, page 1; Saturday 18 August 1860, page 4; Thursday 8 November 1860, page 1; Thursday 17 September 1863, page 3; Thursday 17 September 1863, page 3; Tuesday 3 November 1863, page 3; Saturday 2 January 1864, page 4; Saturday 30 January 1864, page 2; Saturday 8 April 1865, page 3; Tuesday 9 May 1865, page 3; Wednesday 24 May 1865, page 1; Monday 11 April 1870, page 2; Wednesday 30 November 1870, page 3. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  12. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Friday 27 April 1860, page 3; Wednesday 30 January 1861, page 4; Saturday 9 March 1861, page 3; Saturday 16 March 1861, page 3; Wednesday 24 April 1861, page 3; Tuesday 16 July 1861, page 4; Wednesday 4 September 1861, page 3; Thursday 24 April 1862, page 3; Wednesday 30 July 1862, page 3; Wednesday 22 April 1863, page 3; Wednesday 7 October 1863, page 3; Monday 9 November 1863, page 3; Saturday 30 April 1864, page 3; Friday 30 December 1864, page 3; Saturday 18 March 1865, page 3; Friday 21 July 1865, page 4; Saturday 22 May 1869, page 4; Thursday 12 May 1870, page 3; Friday 13 May 1870, page 4; Thursday 25 May 1871, page 3. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  13. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 – 1864), Friday 4 September 1863, page 4; Monday 7 September 1863, page 4; Monday 17 October 1864, page 2; Friday 27 January 1866, page 2; Wednesday 20 June 1866, page 2; Wednesday 11 July 1866, page 4; Thursday 2 August 1866, page 4; Tuesday 25 December 1866, page 2; Thursday 4 April 1867, page 3; Wednesday 17 April 1867, page 4; Monday 9 December 1867, page 3; Thursday 27 February 1868, page 3; Friday 30 July 1869, page 2; Wednesday 2 February 1870, page 4. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  14. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 – 1864), Monday 21 December 1863, page 2; Thursday 20 February 1868, page 2; Monday 2 May 1870, page 2; Thursday 3 November 1870, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  15. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1865 – 1924), Wednesday 8 April 1868, page 3;Monday 20 April 1869, page 4. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  16. Victoria Government Gazette, No. 45, Friday, June 13, 1873, page 1072; Victoria Government Gazette, No. 77, Friday 25 November 1870, page 1724.
  17. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Saturday 1 December 1860, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  18. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1865 - 1870; 1914 - 1918), Friday 12 July 1867, page 4. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  19. The Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), Wednesday 26 April 1871, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  20. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Thursday 5 March 1857, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  21. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Friday 17 December 1858, page 3. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  22. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Thursday 28 March 1861, page 2; Wednesday 10 April 1861, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  23. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1865 - 1870; 1914 - 1918), Thursday 2 July 1868, page 2; Thursday 2 July 1868, page 3; Thursday 2 July 1868, page 4; Friday 3 July 1868, page 2; Saturday 4 July 1868, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  24. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1865 - 1924), Thursday 19 August 1869, page 2. Digital copy accessed via Trove.


See also

Foundries

Gong Gong Reservoir

Strike in the Shipping Trade in 1890


External Links

Location Map: Google Maps

Peter Butters, 'Ballarat’s Phoenix Foundry built a great reputation'. The Courier. June 15, 2003. http://www.thecourier.com.au/news/local/news/general/ballarats-phoenix-foundry-built-a-great-reputation/408869.aspx

http://www.goldmuseum.com.au/ehive-object-details/371120/



--C.K.Gervasoni 14:29, 21 February 2011 (EST); --Beth Kicinski 13:44, 5 January 2012, 21 May 2012, 6 March 2013 (EST)

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