Sebastopol

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Contents

Origin of the name

History

Sebastopol derived its name from a town and district in the Russian sector of the Crimean Peninsula on the shores of the Black Sea.[1]


… it is instructive to look at Sebastopol, which had much in common, as a subsidiary community, with Ballarat East. As it happened, the main gold stream, followed under the basalt at about Dana Street, turned south beneath the formal street plan and then beyond it. Strikingly it flowed parallel to the edge of the plateau, so that mining proceeded on a narrow line that presaged a ribbon development for housing, shops and institutions. Critically, though, its needs were met for many goods and services by facilities at the centre, let alone corner stores and pubs at the south end of the early grid. Major housing additions were not required: many miners walked or later rode bicycles to work from close by in the West and East. Even so there was a good supply of children for the Redan and Sebastopol State Schools, both opened in January 1875, and sizable congregations at the Anglican's Holy Trinity and the Carmel Welsh Presbyterian churches. Most children of consequence were in Albert Street, which contains some of the oldest surviving Ballarat shops and two 1860s hotels, the Exchange and the Royal Mail. Melbourne House (1872) (on the corner of Albert Street and Birdwood Avenue), bluestone Blythewood Grange (1878) in Grant Street 'The Prince of Wales' store, on the corner of Albert and Rubicon Streets, and the weatherboard office of the famous South Star Mine are all evocative. So are the two large eucalypts in the Marty Busch Reserve, all which remains of the Sebastopol Public Gardens, planted in 1866-7.[2]

Sebastopol was constituted a Borough on 01 November 1864.[3]

A municipal town, with money order and savings bank office and telegraph station, situated on the Yarrowee creek, 100 miles NW of Melbourne, and three miles from the Ballarat railway station. The district is a mining one, but many of the claims are exhausted so far as alluvial workings are concerned. In the town there are about 550 dwellings, ten hotels, two State schools nine churches, two insurance agencies, and a mechanics' institute with library containing upwards of 16000 volumes. Cars run from Ballarat, fare 6d. [4]

Mining.
An old Sebastopol miner writes to us as follows:-
Within fifteen miles of the township of Ballarat there are an immense number of steam engines, besides some scores of miles of pumps, the value of Which makes up a large total. Nearly all that costly machinery is imported: very few engines are made in the colony; those that are are much superior to imported engines. Engines made for exportation, either in England or Scotland, partake very much of the character of ready made clothes-sloppy. The engines alluded to vary from 5 to 40 horse power; the largest and most powerful in this district is owned by the Cumberland, Durham and Cornish Company on Sebastopol; it cost, delivered on the ground, rather over £1400, twelve months ago, when engines were 25 per cent, cheaper than they are now. Of this vast amount expended in the purchase of machinery, more than 60 per cent, goes out of the colony, and it is estimated by competent judges that 60 per cent, of the entire cost is expended in the workmanship before an engine leaves the manufacturers' yard. Now it appears to me that if engines and pumps could be made in the colony equal to, and as cheap as those imported, that the colony must gain something like the estimated amount of the value of the labor expended in the production of those machines. The question arises, can it be done? The Victoria Foundry on Ballarat has solved the problem; there can now be seen in their yard a 40-horse power horizontal engine, made on the premises, which for excellence of workmanship, strength and design, is not excelled by any imported engine in the. colony. With regard ,to price, it is £400 cheaper than the Cumberland, Durham, and Cornish Company's, and is in no way inferior to it, excepting that the cylinder is two inches less in diameter. The castings of the Ballarat engine are most decidedly superior, cleaner, and stronger; in fact Oakey, Hunt & Opie have produced a better article at a lower price. The dimension of this Ballarat production are – Cylinder, 20 inches diameter; length of stroke, 42 inches; diameter of fly wheel, 16 feet; length of bed plate, 18 feet 6 inches; weight of bed plate, 60 cwt; with two boilers 18 feet long each, by 6 feet 2 inches in diameter. The engine is made strong enough to bear without breaking three times the maximum stain that ever can arise in working. To the enterprise and spirit which have distinguished the Victoria Foundry, Ballarat is indebted for this very important branch of industry, which will doubtless in a very short time find employment for a great number of skilled mechanics, who are now obliged to spend their time in less remunerative pursuits.
[Editorial comment following.] The engine in question, by Messrs Oakey, Hunt & Opie, is a fine specimen of local manufacture, and certainly reflects much credit on the foundry in question. We trust that, as our correspondent suggests, this manufacture may be taken as an earnest of a largely increased amount of local industrial progress in this important department of production.[5]

Governance

Richard Miles was elected to the first Sebastopol Council on 12 December 1864.[6]

John Morris was elected Mayor of Sebastopol Council in 1872.[7]

Ellis Richards was elected to the first Sebastopol Council on 12 December 1864.[8]

George Coleman Robinson was elected to the first Sebastopol Council on 12 December 1864.[9]

John C. Rowlands was elected to the first Sebastopol Council on 12 December 1864.[10]

George Tait was elected to the first Sebastopol Council on 12 December 1864.[11]

John Wall was elected to the first Sebastopol Council on12 December 1864.[12]

Sebastopol Mayors (1865–1965)

From[13]

# Mayor Term
F.W.Beverin 1865–1866
Isaac Vickers 1866–1867
Thomas Dickinson 1867–1868
John Whittaker 1868–1869
John Edwards 1869–1870
Thomas Dickinson 1870–1871
John Morris 1871–1872
Thomas Bray 1871–1873
Nicholas Kent 1873–1874
Peter Alroe 1874–1875
James Barrie 1875–1876
J.H. Ellsworth 1876–1877
David Hughes 1877–1879
Thomas H. Gray 1879–1881
James Leckie 1881–1883
J.H. Ellsworth 1883–1885
William Hicks 1885–1886
Henry Mathes 1886–1887
Thomas Dickinson 1887–1888
W.L. Williams 1888–1889
David Hughes 1889–1890
James Leckie 1890–1891
Nicholas Kent 1891–1892
F.H. Ingle 1892–1893
Charles Blyth 1893–1894
Henry Clark 1894–1895
James Strickland 1895–1896
Thomas Dickinson 1896–1897
David Hughes 1897–1898
Henry Mathes 1898–1899
George Rowsell 1899–1900
W.H. Franklin 1900–1901
John E. Jones 1901–1902
F.H. Ingle 1902–1903
Thomas Dickinson 1903–1904
David Hughes 1904–1905
Henry Mathes 1905–1906
Henry Clark 1906–1907
William G. Franklin 1907–1908
William A. Madden 1908–1909
John E. Jones 1909–1910
David Hughes 1910–1911
John Hopkins 1911–1912
Thomas Dickinson Jnr 1912–1913
George Keirl 1913–1914
Henry Clark 1914–1915
William H. Franklin 1915–1916
John E. Jones 1916–1917
Evan Jenkins 1917–1918
David Hughes 1918–1919
John Hopkins 1919–1920
William A. Madden 1920–1921
William H. Wallis 1921–1922
William H. Franklin 1922–1923
John E. Jones 1923–1924
Thomas Hughes 1924–1925
William R. Aisbett 1925–1926
Martin R. Busch 1926–1927
Thomas H. Ellis 1927–1928
Evan Jenkins 1928–1929
John E. Jones 1929–1930
Ernest N. Kent 1930–1931
William R. Aisbett 1931–1932
Martin R. Busch 1932–1933
Evan Jenkins 1933–1934
F.W. Miller 1934–1935
James F. Owen 1935–1936
H.V. Reynolds 1936–1937
James E. Tuppen 1937–1938
F.W. Miller 1938–1939
Ernest N. Kent 1939–1940
F.W. Richardson 1940–1941
H.V. Reyolds 1941–1942
James E. Tuppen 1942–1943
George W. Turner 1943–1944 (Died April 1944)
George E. Tuppin 1944–1945
F.W. Miller 1945–1946
James F. Owen 1946–1947
H.V. Reynolds 1947–1948
H.C. Ellsworth 1948–1949
H.V. Reynolds 1949–1950
James F. Owen 1950–1951
W.R. Jenkin 1951–1952
W.R. Hearn 1952–1953
H.V. Reynolds 1953–1954
James E. Tuppin 1954–1955
John Rae 1955–1956
K.A. Lane 1956–1957
A.L. Spencer 1957–1958
W.R. Hearn 1958–1959
H.V. Reynolds 1959–1960
James E. Tuppin 1960–1961
Frank S. Wilson 1961–1962
A. Leslie Spencer 1962–1963
Robert L. Whitla 1963–1964
Clive E. Dellar 1964–1965
Mrs L.M. Turner 1965-1966
Neville F.D. Donald 1966-1967
Frank B. Hoggan 1967-1968
Ronald William Lee 1968-1969
Francis R. Taylor 1969-1970
Neville F.D. Donald 1970-1972
Roy A. King 1973-1974
Neville F.D. Donald 1974-1975
Maxwell R. Power 1975-1977
Keith M. Lawrence 1977-1978
Graham B. Collins 1978-1979
Neville F.D. Donald 1979-1980
Maxwell R. Power 1980-1981
Roy A. King 1981-1982
Keith M. Lawrence 1982-1983
Neville F.D. Donald 1983-1984
Graham B. Collins 1984-1986
Neville F.D. Donald 1986-1988
Lawrence G. Hocking 1988-1989
Geoffrey Pail Jenkins 1988-1989
Karen M. Overington 1990-1991
Neville F.D. Donald 1991-1992

Geography and climate

Environment

Economy

Demography

Culture

Sport

Industry

Food Manufacturing

Austin's Jam Factory

Sebastopol Honour Roll


Gold Mining Companies

Gold Ore Mining

Central Plateau No. 2 Quartz Gold Mine

Defiance Co.

Guiding Star Mine

Lone Hand

Morgan's Shaft

Nelson Co.

Prince of Wales Mine

Prince of Wales and Bonshaw Mine

Sebastopol Co.

Sebastopol Plateau No. 1

Sebastopol Star

South Star Extended

South Star Quartz Gold Mine

South Woah Hawp

Star of the East Co.

United Albian

Whip Shaft

Winter's Freehold


To be sorted

Carl Janssen

Sebastopol Fire Brigade

Tourism

Transport

Architecture

Education

Media

See also

Mining in Sebastopol - Mining companies in Sebastopol - Mining gullies in Sebastopol - Mining gutters in Sebastopol - Mining leads in Sebastopol - Mining reefs in Sebastopol

Notes

  1. Courier Supplement, 10 June 1967.
  2. City of Ballarat Heritage Study (Stage 2) April 2003: Thematic History.
  3. Borough of Sebastopol Mayor's Report, 1991-2.
  4. The Victorian Municipal Directory and Gazetter for 1884, p82.
  5. The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), Thursday 24 November 1859, page 2.
  6. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~carrick/Ballarat%20a%20to%20b.html accessed 15 March 2013.
  7. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~carrick/Ballarat%20a%20to%20b.html accessed 15 March 2013.
  8. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~carrick/Ballarat%20a%20to%20b.html accessed 15 March 2013.
  9. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~carrick/Ballarat%20a%20to%20b.html accessed 15 March 2013.
  10. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~carrick/Ballarat%20a%20to%20b.html accessed 15 March 2013.
  11. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~carrick/Ballarat%20a%20to%20b.html accessed 15 March 2013.
  12. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~carrick/Ballarat%20a%20to%20b.html accessed 15 March 2013.
  13. Jenkins, E.D., Sebastopol Victoria: An Historical Survey of Early Sebastopol, 1864-1964, SP, 1964.

References


Further reading

External Links


--Beth Kicinski 16:29, 16 January 2013 (EST); --Clare K.Gervasoni 21:57, 9 November 2014 (EST)

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