Bird Speed

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Bird Speed was a publican in Ballarat, Victoria, <1872-1883>.

Contents

History

Bird Speed was born in Barrington, Cambridgeshire, England in 1846, the son of John and Eliza Speed.[1] The family emigrated to Australia on the ship "Maria Hay", arriving in Geelong on 23 July 1854.[2]

Bird Speed married Ellen Benbow in Victoria in 1869. [3]

Their first son, Albert Herbert Speed, was born in Ballarat in 1870.[4]

Their son, George Bird Speed (d.1894), was born in Ballarat East, in 1872.[5]

Speed held the publican's license for the Royal Oak Hotel in Peel Street from at least 1872-1874.[6][7][8]

In July 1874 his wife gave birth to a daughter, Florence Edith Speed, at the hotel:

SPEED. - On the 22nd July, at the Royal Oak Hotel, Peel street, Mrs Bird Speed of a daughter.[9][10]

In December 1875 he was granted the license for the Royal Standard Hotel in Main Road.[11] The license was transferred from Speed to John Ellis in November 1877.[12]

In June 1876, another daughter, Ethel May Speed, was born at the hotel:

SPEED. — On the 16th June, at the Royal Standard Hotel, Main street, Ballarat East, the wife of Mr Bird Speed, of a daughter.[13][14]


In November 1877 he took over the license for the North Grant Hotel on the corner of Bridge Street and Peel Street.

NORTH GRANT HOTEL, BRIDGE STREET, BALLARAT. BIRD SPEED begs to intimate, that he has taken the above well-known Hotel, and that the same has been thoroughly repaired, and is now replete with every comfort. Families visiting" Ballarat will find good accommodation and charges moderate. A Billiard Table second to none in the colony. FREE STABLING. B. SPEED, Proprietor.[15]

His wife gave birth to a daughter, Hilda Louise Speed, just a month later:

Speed.— On the 30th January, at the North Grant Hotel, Ballarat, the wife, of Bird Speed, of a daughter.[16][17]

His license was objected to in December 1878 on the grounds that the house was out of repair.[18] This was solved by January 1879 when the repairs had been carried out:

The adjourned application made by Bird Speed for a renewal of the license of the North Grant hotel. Bridge street, was dealt with. It appeared that the necessary repairs had been effected to the premises, and the license was granted.[19]

Another son, Walter Percy Speed, was born in 1879, but at only four months of age.[20][21]

In July 1881 Speed was promoting the use of a patent medicine:

An unpleasant accident recently tested, the value of a new remedy, of which report speaks well. “ Watts' specific," invented and sold by Mr Watts, now in Ballarat, appears, as far as can be seen at present, to have been very efficacious in the case of a son of Mr Bird Speed, of the North Grant hotel. The poor little fellow was frightfully burned on Saturday last through some accident, but on the application of the “ specific,” Mr Speed informs us that the skin almost healed in a few hours, and the pain greatly decreased. The patient is far from being well yet, however, and it is somewhat early to ascertain the real effects of the “specific.” Particulars of the medicine will be found in an advertisement in another column. Professor Watts states that it is proved to have been of great value in lumbago, sciatica, rheumatism, and rheumatic gout, as well as burns, bruises, &c.[22]

Also in July 1881, Speed found himself in trouble in court. Owed money by the members of the English Circus which had been performing in Ballarat, he tried to keep their horses and wagon in the hotel stables until the debt was paid.

THE ENGLISH CIRCUS IN DIFFICULTIES. The affairs of the English Circus recently performing in Ballarat, are likely to lead to a good deal of litigation. In addition to the charge against Mr Benhamo arising out of the disputed affairs of the circus, yesterday in connection with the breaking open of the stable at the North Grant hotel and removal of the horses. Zebeo Agilio, one of the members of the company, attempted to remove the horses, &c., from the stable but was prevented by Mr Bird Speed, the landlord, who gave Agilio in charge for breaking the lock. The bench discharged him, and acting on legal advice he then, being the actual owner of the horses, waggon, &c., removed them. Mr Phillips, as owner of the stables, was the next to appear in the matter, and by virtue of distress sought to prevent the removal of any goods from the place. The threat of a writ, however, induced Mr; Phillips to withdraw his levy, the cause of the threat being that all the rent had been paid to date, the only color of right for distress being that certain members of the company owed Mr Bird Speed money. The matter stands in this position, but legal proceedings are spoken of as likely on the part of Mr Benhamo against more than one person. Meanwhile the band announce a benefit, and the agent of the circus repudiates them altogether, and informs us that the horses and circus paraphernalia will not be used, nor will the Duvallis or Agilio take part, and moreover, the ring has been removed. On the other hand, the beneficiares foot their announcements with the declaration that they have no connection with Benhamo.[23]

Speed breached the licensing laws by being away from the hotel for too long in July 1883:

Breach of Licensing Act.- Senior-constable Thompson v Bird Speed, permitting a person to conduct business of licensed premises for a longer period than 28 days, without the previous consent in writing of two justices. Mr Turner appeared for the defence. Sub-inspector Parkinson said the case had been brought under the 72nd section of the Act. Defendant had been absent for about six weeks, and had received no permission whatever. In fact he had left the colony, and it was not known whether he would return. Mr Turner stated that Mr Speed had left for Queensland, to look after an opening there; he fully intended returning within the 28 days. He had there taken seriously ill before the expiration of that time, but had now recovered and was on his way back. The bench decided to adjourn the case for a fortnight in order to allow of Mr Speed's appearance. Mr Parkinson objected to the postponement on account of application being made for the transfer of the license of the hotel, but consented on Mr Turner stating that the application was withdrawn.[24]


His license was cancelled in August 1883 and granted to his wife:

The licence of Bird Speed for the North Grant Hotel, Ballarat East, was cancelled this morning at the Town Police Court, in consequence of his continued absence from the premises without permission from the licensing magistrates. Sub inspector Parkinson, who conducted the case, in reply to an application for an adjournment, said he must insist upon the law being obeyed, otherwise a bad precedent would be set, and other publicans would follow suit. Mrs Speed then applied for a licence until the end of the year, which was granted.[25]

The Ballarat Star reported Speed was on his way home from Queensland.[26]

In December 1883 the applied fro a new license for the North Grant Hotel, but this was refused by the Ballarat East Licensing Court:

Bird Speed, North Grant hotel, Bridge street, application for new license. The applicant’s license was forfeited in July last for being absent from the colony without leave, and the issuing of a new license was opposed by the police. The application was refused, but the owners of the premises were allowed to make fresh application within 14 days.[27]

Speed must have left Ballarat shortly after losing the license, and his next two children, Emily Gertrude Speed (1885)[28] and Nellie Crosbie Speed (1889)[29] were born in Melbourne. In 1919 he and Ellen with living with their son Albert in Korumburra.[30]

Legacy

Family

See also

Notes


References

  1. 1851 English Census, Source Citation Class: HO107; Piece: 1708; Folio: 96; Page: 30; GSU roll: 193616
  2. Passenger Lists, Series: VPRS 14; Series Title: Register of Assisted Immigrants from the United Kindom (refer to microform copy, VPRS 3502)
  3. Pioneer Index Victoria 1836-1888, Index to Births, Deaths, and Marriages in Victoria, 1869 Marriages, Ref. No. 3001, Macbeth Genealogical Services, 1998
  4. Pioneer Index Victoria 1836-1888, Index to Births, Deaths, and Marriages in Victoria, 1870 Births, Ref. No. 13266, Macbeth Genealogical Services, 1998
  5. Victorian Birth Reg. No. 13955, Ancestry.com. Australia, Birth Index, 1788-1922 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Original data: Compiled from publicly available sources.
  6. 1872 'BALLARAT EAST LICENSING BENCH.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 19 March, p. 4. , viewed 16 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article197627472
  7. 1873 'LICENSING BENCH.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 23 December, p. 2. , viewed 16 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article201608881
  8. 1874 'BALLARAT EAST LICENSING BENCH. ANNUAL MEETING.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 15 December, p. 4, viewed 17 December, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article208250314
  9. 1874 'Family Notices', The Ballarat Courier (Vic. : 1869 - 1878; 1914 - 1918), 23 July, p. 2. , viewed 16 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article192284784
  10. Pioneer Index Victoria 1836-1888, Index to Births, Deaths, and Marriages in Victoria, 1874 Births, Ref. No. 13579, Macbeth Genealogical Services, 1998
  11. 1875 'POLICE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 21 December, p. 4. , viewed 16 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article200186416
  12. 1877 'POLICE INTELLIGENCE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 6 November, p. 4. , viewed 16 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article199281855
  13. 1876 'Advertising', The Ballarat Courier (Vic. : 1869 - 1878; 1914 - 1918), 20 June, p. 2. , viewed 17 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article210999259
  14. Pioneer Index Victoria 1836-1888, Index to Births, Deaths, and Marriages in Victoria, 1876 Births, Ref. No. 13519, Macbeth Genealogical Services, 1998
  15. 1877 'Advertising', Avoca Mail (Vic. : 1863 - 1900; 1915 - 1918), 30 November, p. 2. , viewed 17 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article201446252
  16. 1878 'Family Notices', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 31 January, p. 2. , viewed 16 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article199283947
  17. Pioneer Index Victoria 1836-1888, Index to Births, Deaths, and Marriages in Victoria, 1878 Births, Ref. No. 285, Macbeth Genealogical Services, 1998
  18. 1878 'BALLARAT EAST LICENSING BENCH.', The Ballarat Courier (Vic. : 1869 - 1878; 1914 - 1918), 20 December, p. 3. , viewed 16 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article210372154
  19. 1879 'POLICE INTELLIGENCE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 10 January, p. 4. , viewed 16 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article199347096
  20. Pioneer Index Victoria 1836-1888, Index to Births, Deaths, and Marriages in Victoria, 1879 Births, Ref. No. 20704, Macbeth Genealogical Services, 1998
  21. Pioneer Index Victoria 1836-1888, Index to Births, Deaths, and Marriages in Victoria, 1889 Deaths, Ref. No. 121, Macbeth Genealogical Services, 1998
  22. 1881 'NEWS AND NOTES.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 26 July, p. 2. , viewed 16 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article219332059
  23. 1881 'THE ENGLISH CIRCUS IN DIFFICULTIES.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 22 July, p. 3. , viewed 17 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article219331948
  24. 1883 'POLICE INTELLIGENCE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 27 July, p. 4. , viewed 16 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article202509088
  25. 1883 'BALLARAT.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 10 August, p. 3. , viewed 16 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8547396
  26. 1883 'POLICE INTELLIGENCE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 10 August, p. 4. , viewed 16 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article202509869
  27. 1883 'BALLARAT EAST LICENSING COURT.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 21 December, p. 4. , viewed 16 Jul 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article201620261
  28. Pioneer Index Victoria 1836-1888, Index to Births, Deaths, and Marriages in Victoria, 1885 Births, Ref. No. 4088, Macbeth Genealogical Services, 1998
  29. Federation Index Victoria 1888-1901, Index to Births, Deaths, and Marriages in Victoria, 1889 Births, Ref. No. 11230, Macbeth Genealogical Services, 1997
  30. 1919 Victoria Electoral Roll, Flinders, Korumburra


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