Joe White Maltings Ltd

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Joe White Maltings Wendouree, c1967, Federation University Historical Collection (Cat. No. 13262)

Joe White Maltings is Australias largest malting company with malting plants currently located in Victoria, Tasmania, NSW, Queensland, Western Australia and South Australia. The extensive range of Joe White Malts is then distributed Australia and internationally by a company named Bintani.

In 1858 Joe White commenced malting barley for the brewing and food industries. Situated on the south shore of Lake Wendouree, it moved to its Gregory Street address in 1908.

In 1963 the Wendouree Maltings produced over 30,000 metric tons per annum, and 40 staff were employed at the Wendouree site.

The Joe White Maltings silos were demolished in late 2010.

In May 2011 it was Viterra (parent company) announced that Joe White Maltings Lake Wendouree plant will close in late June due to difficult global malt trading conditions. The Lake Garden plant produces about 32,000 tonnes per annum of export malt for breweries, mainly in Vietnam, Thailand and Korea. A $2.2 million water recycling plant was turned on at the Lake Gardens malt house in 2009. The closure is believed to affect up to 10 jobs.

Contents

History

In 1851 the Gold rush in Victoria began leading to a vast rise in the population of Victoria, nearly tripling by the end of the 1850's. With the popluation boom came a shortage of raw materials for the production of malt leading to a shortage of malt products in the state. Henry Cane realised that the only malt available to Victoria was being imported from England, being both expensive and leading to the malt producing an inferrior and unusable product, one newspaper at the time deemed the beer made from the malt a "villianous compound" .[1]. All of this lead Henry Cane to plan to start his own Malt business.

In 1858 Alexander White, who was a trained malster from the United Kingdom, heard of Henry Canes plan to open a malt house in Wendouree Parade in Ballarat, Victoria, which would remain open for the next 138 years. In 1876 Alexanedr White joined the business with Henry Cane and took control of the business untill his death in 1896. [2] Following Alexander Whites death the oldest of his four sons Joe White, aged 23 at the time took control of the business, renaming it to Joe White Maltster Bllarat, he ran the business for the next 63 years and over his career renamed the company again to Joe White Maltings. Joe White died in 1959, aged 86. After his death the company took a new direction and expanded to produce malt in other states of Australia.[1]

Joe White Maltings Pty Ltd was aquired by a company named AusBalk in 2002 and merged with the Adelaide Malting Company. ABB Grain became the parent company of Joe White Maltings in 2004. In September of 2009, ABB Grain was purchased by a company named Viterra.[3]

Today Joe White Maltings is Australias largest producer of malt with the capacity to produce 500,000 tonnes per year. There are currently eight malting pants located accross Australia including the largest malt house in the southern hemisphere, situated in Perth, Western Australia.[4]

Technological Innovations

Late 2005 to early 2006 saw the planning and construction of a water saving facility that could save at least 50% of water used by the Joe White Malting plants per annum. Currently Joe White Maltings uses about 100 olympic-sized swimming pools each year. The advancement of this water saving technology means that an abundance of water is saved and can be reused as it is clean and clear water with no additional smell to it.[5]

The water saving technology works by using a membrane bio reactor which is reverse osmosis technology to recycle water. The water is treated in two stages, dirty water is exposed to the membrane bioreactor then treated with reverse osmosis to permeate the water. This results in clean reusable water and 75% to 80% of water is recovered in this proccess. The quality of the water processed is equal to, or better than, that of the Australian Drinking Water Guideline.

Site

In the 1970 Sands and McDougall Directory of Ballarat Joe White Maltings was listed as maltsters situated at Gregory Street, Ballarat.

Reduction of Malting Plants

In June of 2011 news spread about the possible closure and indeed, total closure of the Lake Wendouree Joe White Maltings plant. The Delacombe Joe White Maltings plant is still operational today however Calora Demolitions Ballarat had previously demolished the Joe White Maltings silo's in 2006.[6]

Currently Joe White Maltings is still Australias largest producer of malt.

Current Products

The company only sells barley and malt, thus, they do not have an specific product that is readily on shelves in the supermarket, however, the companies that buy their products use it to produce theirs. Here are some of the malt products that Joe White Maltings produces:

Pale, Pilsener, Ale 3 - 5 °EBC 

Vienna 4 - 10 °EBC 

Munich 15 - 30 °EBC  

Caramalt 30 - 60 °EBC

Light Crystal, Caramel 60 - 120 °EBC 

Dark Crystal 160 - 300 °EBC 

Amber Malt 30 - 60 °EBC 

Chocolate Malt 600 - 900 °EBC 

Porter, Roast or Black Malt 900 - 1400 °EBC 

Roast Barley 800 - 1400 °EBC 

Roast Wheat 800 - 1400 °EBC

Wheat Malt  2.5 - 4.5 °EBC 

Roasted Wheat Malt800 - 1400 °EBC [7] 

See Also

Alexander White

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mont Stuart, Kenn Pearce. "Gold rush spawned an Australian-owned malting icon." abb.com.au. March 2006. http://www.abb.com.au/pdf/brewer_distiller_article_jwm_p25-29_mar06.pdf (accessed April 10, 2012).
  2. The Mercury (Hobart, Tasmania : 1860-1954). "OBITUARY." Trove Digitised newspapers and more . August 4, 1914. http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/10379851 (accessed April 10, 2012). Digital copy accessed via Trove.
  3. Calgary, Alberta. "Viterra Completes Acquisition of ABB Grain." Marketwire. September 23, 2009. http://www.marketwire.com/press-release/viterra-completes-acquisition-of-abb-grain-tsx-vt-1048801.htm (accessed April 10, 2012).
  4. Viterra. "About Vittera" Tab. 2010. http://www.viterra.com/portal/wps/portal/australia/au/about_viterra/!ut/p/c5/04_SB8K8xLLM9MSSzPy8xBz9CP0os3h3f2c_Sy8TM0MDJ2NXA09LN0szR0MjA9dAE_1wkA68KgqysxUBudQcuQ!!/ (accessed April 10, 2012).
  5. Jacqui Peake, Caleb Cluff. "Local Malting Process to have thirst quenched ." ABC Rural. November 15, 2007. http://www.abc.net.au/rural/content/2007/s2092081.htm (accessed April 20, 2012).
  6. Handerson, Fiona. "Ballarat's Joe White Maltings to close factory." The Courier. May 24, 2011. http://www.thecourier.com.au/news/local/news/general/ballarats-joe-white-maltings-to-close-factory/2172395.aspx (accessed April 20, 2010).
  7. Vitterra. Joe White Maltings. 2010. http://www.viterra.com/portal/wps/portal/australia/au/malt/about_malt/joe_white_maltings/!ut/p/c5/fY7LDoIwEEW_hS-Ylkcpy1ZbHiGFQhuFjWFhDEHBhfH7rdGFmuDc5Zm5c6AHl3m4j6fhNi7zcIY99OSQVhuVFCHB1FRblNfKtozxwmcIds-Ljw3EA4HyRCaEYR8JHb44UpE1EYlwVRaO2zhr2gZjLcibr4z78 (accessed April 10, 2012).


Further Reading

Ballarat Courier, 24 May 2011.

Mitchell, James. (1963). Progress in the Shire of Ballarat. Ballarat: Shire of Ballarat.

Courier, The. "Demolition all but done." The Courier. November 23, 2007. http://www.thecourier.com.au/news/local/news/general/demolition-all-but-done/421994.aspx (accessed April 20, 2012).

Handerson, Fiona. "Ballarat's Joe White Maltings to close factory." The Courier. May 24, 2011. http://www.thecourier.com.au/news/local/news/general/ballarats-joe-white-maltings-to-close-factory/2172395.aspx (accessed April 20, 2010).

Jacqui Peake, Caleb Cluff. "Local Malting Process to have thirst quenched ." ABC Rural. November 15, 2007. http://www.abc.net.au/rural/content/2007/s2092081.htm (accessed April 20, 2012).

Calgary, Alberta. "Viterra Completes Acquisition of ABB Grain." Marketwire. September 23, 2009. http://www.marketwire.com/press-release/viterra-completes-acquisition-of-abb-grain-tsx-vt-1048801.htm (accessed April 10, 2012).

Courier, The. "Demolition all but done." The Courier. November 23, 2007. http://www.thecourier.com.au/news/local/news/general/demolition-all-but-done/421994.aspx (accessed April 20, 2012).

Handerson, Fiona. "Ballarat's Joe White Maltings to close factory." The Courier. May 24, 2011. http://www.thecourier.com.au/news/local/news/general/ballarats-joe-white-maltings-to-close-factory/2172395.aspx (accessed April 20, 2010).

Jacqui Peake, Caleb Cluff. "Local Malting Process to have thirst quenched ." ABC Rural. November 15, 2007. http://www.abc.net.au/rural/content/2007/s2092081.htm (accessed April 20, 2012).

Mont Stuart, Kenn Pearce. "Gold rush spawned an Australian-owned malting icon." abb.com.au. March 2006. http://www.abb.com.au/pdf/brewer_distiller_article_jwm_p25-29_mar06.pdf (accessed April 10, 2012).

Calgary, Alberta. "Viterra Completes Acquisition of ABB Grain." Marketwire. September 23, 2009. http://www.marketwire.com/press-release/viterra-completes-acquisition-of-abb-grain-tsx-vt-1048801.htm (accessed April 10, 2012).

Courier, The. "Demolition all but done." The Courier. November 23, 2007. http://www.thecourier.com.au/news/local/news/general/demolition-all-but-done/421994.aspx (accessed April 20, 2012).

Handerson, Fiona. "Ballarat's Joe White Maltings to close factory." The Courier. May 24, 2011. http://www.thecourier.com.au/news/local/news/general/ballarats-joe-white-maltings-to-close-factory/2172395.aspx (accessed April 20, 2010).

Jacqui Peake, Caleb Cluff. "Local Malting Process to have thirst quenched ." ABC Rural. November 15, 2007. http://www.abc.net.au/rural/content/2007/s2092081.htm (accessed April 20, 2012).

Mont Stuart, Kenn Pearce. "Gold rush spawned an Australian-owned malting icon." abb.com.au. March 2006. http://www.abb.com.au/pdf/brewer_distiller_article_jwm_p25-29_mar06.pdf (accessed April 10, 2012).

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848-1956). "CENTENNIAL INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION." Trove Digitised newspaper and more. January 31, 1889.http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/6219208 (accessed 10 April, 2012).Digital copy accessed via Trove.

The Mercury (Hobart, Tas : 1860-1954). "THE PRACTICE COURT. WILL OF THE LATE MR. HENRY CANE." Trove Digitised newspapers and more. April 4, 1916. http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/1033785 (accessed April 10, 2012). Digital copy accessed via Trove.

The Mercury (Hobart, Tasmania : 1860-1954). "OBITUARY." Trove Digitised newspapers and more . August 4, 1914. http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/10379851 (accessed April 10, 2012). Digital copy accessed via Trove.

Viterra. "About Vittera" Tab. 2010. http://www.viterra.com/portal/wps/portal/australia/au/about_viterra/!ut/p/c5/04_SB8K8xLLM9MSSzPy8xBz9CP0os3h3f2c_Sy8TM0MDJ2NXA09LN0szR0MjA9dAE_1wkA68KgqysxUBudQcuQ!!/ (accessed April 10, 2012).

Vitterra. Joe White Maltings. 2010. http://www.viterra.com/portal/wps/portal/australia/au/malt/about_malt/joe_white_maltings/!ut/p/c5/fY7LDoIwEEW_hS-Ylkcpy1ZbHiGFQhuFjWFhDEHBhfH7rdGFmuDc5Zm5c6AHl3m4j6fhNi7zcIY99OSQVhuVFCHB1FRblNfKtozxwmcIds-Ljw3EA4HyRCaEYR8JHb44UpE1EYlwVRaO2zhr2gZjLcibr4z78 (accessed April 10, 2012).

Winkley, Bobbie. "Rumours abound over WA malt operation." Farm Weekly Online . December 03, 2010. http://stage.fw.farmonline.com.au/news/state/agribusiness-and-general/general/rumours-abound-over-wa-malt-operation/2012580.aspx (accessed April 20, 2012).


--C.K.Gervasoni 11:50, 24 May 2011 (EST); --Yvette Gallagher 15:38, 12 June 2012 (EST); --Eric Crisostomo 15:49, 12 June 2012 (EST); --Damian Thomas Brown 09:21, 1 February 2017 (AEDT)

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