Ballarat Technical Art School

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(Ballarat Technical Art School Students)
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<td style="color:#000;"><div id="mp-tfl" style="text-align:center; font-size:10px; padding:2px 5px;">[[Harold Dalton]] - [[Norman Dalton]] - [[Loretta Davey]] - [[David Davies]] - [[Lionel S. Davies]] - [[Philip Davis]] - [[Stanley Deans]] - [[Henrietta Deasey]] - [[Jean De Baeure]] - [[Jessie Daniel]] - [[Betty Delima]] - [[Thomas Dickinson]] - [[Marian Dolan]] - [[Shirley Dolan]] - [[Robert J. Dowling]] - [[Graeme Drendel]] - [[John Duff]] - [[Alice Duggin]] - [[Olga Dulfer]] - [[Gladys Dunstan]] - [[Nancy Dunstan ]] </div></td>
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<td style="color:#000;"><div id="mp-tfl" style="text-align:center; font-size:10px; padding:2px 5px;">[[Harold Dalton]] - [[Norman Dalton]] - [[Loretta Davey]] - [[David Davies]] - [[Lionel S. Davies]] - [[Philip Davis]] - [[Stanley Deans]] - [[Henrietta Deasey]] - [[Jean De Baeure]] - [[Jessie Daniel]] - [[Betty Delima]] - [[Thomas Dickinson]] - [[Marian Dolan]] - [[Shirley Dolan]] - [[Robert J. Dowling]] - [[Graeme Drendel]] - [[John Duff]] - [[Alice Duggin]] - [[John Duff]] - [[Olga Dulfer]] - [[Gladys Dunstan]] - [[Nancy Dunstan ]] </div></td>
 
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Revision as of 04:28, 6 March 2020

Contents

Background

Ballarat Technical Art School was established in 1907 under the control of the Ballarat School of Mines

The 1908 Technical Art School Prospectus stated:

The School Curriculum embraces a thorough training in Decorative and Pictorial Art, and includes Drawing, Painting, and Modelling from the Flat, from the Round, and from Life; Decorative Design and Pictorial Composition; Building Construction, Architectural Drawing and Design; lettering, Scriptwriting, graining and Marbling, Wood Carving, Repousse, Embossed Leather Work, gesso and inlaid gesso Work, carpentry and Manual training, Millinery, Dresscutting, dressmaking and Finishing.

Class lectures were delivered on practical, plane and solid geometry; Elements and Principles of Decorative Art; historic Ornament; Artistic Anatomy, etc.

Timeline

1869

The Victorian Government established a Commission to promote Technology and industrial instruction among working classes.

1870

The School of Mines and Industries Ballarat Limited (the Institute) was established in 1870 to provide technical training for people working on the goldfields. (SMB Annual Report 1985; Beggs-Sunter: x) SMB was established through the initiatives of the Ballarat Mining Board which felt there was a need for such an institution because of the declining number of mine managers for the goldfields. (SMB Report 1987)

July: Ballarat Mechanics' Institute Art School established. (Beggs-Sunter: x; Hogan:3)

August: Ballarat East Library Art School established (Beggs-Sunter: x; Hogan:3)

1880

First record of art classes being held at the Ballarat School of Mines. (Bowers:39)

c1887-1894

Ballarat Technical Art School

1889

Ballarat Mechanics’ Institute School of Design was closed down from the end of 1889 and students were directed to the closest technical school.

1890

Demise of the Technological Commission. Technical schools came under the direction of the Minister of Education who published new regulations for Art Schools, which encouraged schools to improve their standards. The Ballarat Ladies Art Association formed as an adjunct to the Ballarat Fine Art Gallery, the first women’s art organisation to be formed in Australia. It’s specific brief was to organise a student art exhibition at the end of each year, and to distribute prizes and scholarships to deserving students. (Hogan: 8)

1895

Education Department intimated that only one school would be funded after 1907, so the Principals of the East and West Schools proposed a merger to their governing councils. An impasse was reached, and the Minister of Education asked The Ballarat School of Mines to take charge of the factions. Frederick Martell, having been involved with all three parties, guided negotiations. A new Art School as part of the Ballarat School of Mines was announced as from 14 June 1907.

1907

Ballarat Technical Art School established – taking over from the Ballarat Fine Art Gallery School. (SMB Report 1987; Beggs-Sunter: x)

May 1907 - Ballarat School of Mines took over control of Ballarat’s Art Schools at the invitation of the Minister of Public Instruction and amalgamated them into one administrative unit known as the Technical Art School of the School of Mines, Ballarat. (Perry)

Sept 1907 Herbert Henry Smith was appointed Principal of the Technical Art School of the Ballarat School of Mines. His tenure was long and not always a peaceful one. He resigned on 31 March 1940, and died on 21 February 1957 at Point Lonsdale.

1907-1915

Art school remained scattered in various locations. (Perry)

June 1914

Foundation Stone for new art building laid by Premier of Victoria, W.A. Watt, MLA.

1915

The Ballarat Technical Art School opened on the site of the former Ballarat Circuit Court building, (Bowers:40) The Government spent £12000 on the construction on the site of the original court house. (Hogan: 10)

23 July 1915 - Art School building opened by Premier Sir Alexander Peacock, MLA. The building made administration easier and saved on rent.

c1916

The Girls' Preparatory Technical School opened as a division of the Ballarat Technical School.

The Principal of the Technical Art School (Mr HH Smith) states that application for admission to the Girls' Preparatory Technical School have quite come up to his expectation and it is anticipayted that the school will have a very successful opening next year. In order to give students who are undergoing examination for qualifying or merit certificates an opportunity of joining, it has been decided to extend the date for receiving applications.[1]

1930 Reunion of Art School past students

Aug 1949

Geoff Mainwaring appointed as head of the Art School.

1976 to 1980 - From 1976 to 1980 the Art School worked from the old RAAF base at Ballarat Airport. (Hogan: 11)

1978 Contract signed for the construction of the Mt Helen Art Building and Great Hall. (BCAE Annual Report 1978, p 22)

1980 Mt Helen Art School completed. From 1976 to 1980 they worked in the old RAAF base at Ballarat airport. (Hogan: 11)

2002

University of Ballarat Art School moves to a new campus at Camp Street and is known as the Arts Academy. It was officially opened by the Hon. Steve Bracks, Premier of Victoria, in October 2002

Site and Building

In 1908 the Ballarat School of Mines Technical Art and Trade Schools operated from the following locations:-

  • Sturt Street Branch - Sturt Street opposite the Ballarat Town Hall
  • Barkley Street Branch - Ballarat East Public Library Building
  • Lydiard Street North Branch 0 Irwin's Buildings

A custom built Art building was built on the site of the former Ballarat Circuit Court, in Lydiard Street South, Ballarat. This building opened in 1915.

The building can be described as federation-art deco in style. Featuring sandstone insertion with sandstone string coursing, the base of the building is rusticated sandstone. The relief stone panel on the front with the words "Technical Art School" features stone pilaster brackets and corbels. In the centre front can be seen rectangular sandstone pediment with decorative stonework incorporating the date of construction. The windows in the lower floor feature five supporting keystones whereas the upper windows have sandstone lintels. The building also features decorative cast iron downpipes.

The entrance on the northern side has attractive leadlight glazing in an art deco style. Above the door a miner's lamp and pick are featured in the design.

The building is functional in design with large metal windows in the south wall to ensure good light into the studios. The northern wall has standard double hung windows. According to the Ballarat School of Mines Annual Report of 1914 'the internal upholstering and fittings have all been carried out in Australian timbers, with Queensland maple largely used throughout.' Before this building was constructed art and craft classes were held in various buildings around Ballarat. The interior of the building features a carved wooden staircase and cast iron ceiling vents. The rear drawing studios can be made into one large studio by opening panelled timber doors. This opening features classical plaster pilasters with a pediment above.

This building is now the Gribble Building on the Federation University Australia SMB Campus.

Commissions

Ballarat Junior Technical School World War One Honour Board. Designed by H. H. Smith Federation University Historical Collection (Cat. No. 18824)
Frontise Piece from the Ballarat School of Mines Honor Book. Federation University Historical Collection (Cat. No. 5600)

The following are some commissions undertaken by the Ballarat Technical Art School.

World War One Honour Boards and Artwork

Amherst State School, Honor Book.[2]

Arnold State School[3]

Avoca State School Honor Book and Case[4]

Ballarat Junior Technical School Honour Board, designed by H. H. Smith

Ballarat Lodge No. 114.[5]

Ballarat Old Colonists' Club World War One Honour Board[6]

Birragurra State School World War One Honour Board[7]

Caulfield (Glenhuntley Road) School[8]

An honor board, designed by Mr H.H. Smith, Principal of the Ballarat Technical Art School, and made at Tunbridge's, was unveiled on Friday at the Caulfield (Glenhuntly Rd) School by the Minister for Education. The head teacher, writing to Mr Smith, says:- "I am greatly pleased with the artistic appearance of the board, and those who have had the privilege of seeing it are delighted with it." The writing was done by Mr Raisbeck, and the carving decoration by Miss Young, of the Art School.[9]

Dunbulbalnic State School Honor Book and Case[10]

Elsternwick State School.[11]

An Honor Board, to he erected to the "Old Boys" of the Elsternwick State School, is nearing completion in the Ballarat School of Mines, and will be unveiled in May. It is being constructed of Australian blackwood, and will furnish space for 300 names.[12]

Grahamvale State School - Honor Board and Book[13]

Inglewood School - Honor Book and Case.[14]

Four panels for the Mount Mercer Soldiers' Memorial[15]

Mount Moorat State School Honor Book and Case[16]

Noorimbie State School - Embossed leather Honor Book and mural case.[17]

Skipton State School Honor Book and Case[18]

Skipton metal Panels[19]

Sydney Sports Club World War One Honour Board[20]

St Arnaud High School World War One Honour Board[21]

The Education Department's Record of War Service Victoria 1914-1919 (book illustrations)

Urquahart Street State School, Ballarat[22]

Wangaratta School - metal memorial tablet[23]

A book case and honor book has recently been executed by Ballarat Technical Art School for Wangaratta State school. Tho wood in the cabinet has been specially selected, and the title page of bhe book is unique, having been specially designed for this school.[24]

Wellington School - Honor Book and Case.[25]

Wendouree State School World War One Honour Board[26]

Yulecart State School[27]

Numerous Honor Books and Mural Cases for State Schools[28]


Certificate Design

Grampians Secondary Schools' Association [29]

Hansen Shield for competition among the Northern District High Schools[30]

Herald Shield for perpetual competition at the Technical Schools' athletic meetings[31]

Young Workers' Patriotic Guild[32]


Sporting Shields

Ararat Honor Shield for Sport Competition.[33]

Castlemaine High School[34]

Mildura High School Sports Competition Shield - oxidised nickel mounted on silky oak.[35]


Stained Glass

McDonald Memorial Windows at St Andrew's Kirk, Ballarat.[36]

Murphy Memorial Windows at St Andrew's Kirk, Ballarat.[37]

Peacock Hall, Ballarat Agricultural High School.

At the request of the Department the students of the Art School are designing a series of stained glass windows for the Peacock Hall in the new Agricultural High School, same to be carried out locally with their assistance.[38]

Soldier's Memorial Window at Lydiard Street Methodist Church.[39]


Other

Two metal tablets for Castlemaine High School[40]

Employers of BTAS Graduates

Clarke's Advertising Co., Ballarat

George Netherway

Green's Printing Co., Melbourne

Lorna Bailey

Paton's Advertising Co.

George Crawley - J. Hopwood

George Patterson Pty Ltd., Melbourne

Wes Walters

Myers Commercial Art Department

Jim Wright

Community Involvement

Legacies

Ballarat Technical Art School Staff

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
Y
Z

Ballarat Technical Art School Students

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
Y
Z

See also

Ballarat School of Mines

Ceramics

Dressmaking

Photography

Recommended Reading

References

  1. Ballarat School of Mines Correspondence Cat. No. 7768.
  2. Ballarat Star, 26 February 1923.
  3. Ballarat Star, 29 March 1920.
  4. Ballarat Star, 29 March 1920.
  5. Ballarat Star, 29 March 1920.
  6. Ballarat School of Mines Annual Report, 1918, p 2.
  7. Ballarat School of Mines Annual Report, 1918, p 2.
  8. Ballarat Courier, 05 June 1922.
  9. Ballarat Courier, 05 June 1922.
  10. Ballarat Star, 29 March 1920.
  11. Ballarat Star, 29 March 1920.
  12. The Herald, 22 April 1920.
  13. Ballarat Courier, 27 OCtober 1920.
  14. Ballarat Courier, 03 May 1920.
  15. Ballarat Star, 29 March 1920.
  16. Ballarat Star, 29 March 1920.
  17. Ballarat Courier, 28 October 1916.
  18. Ballarat Star, 29 March 1920.
  19. Ballarat Star, 29 March 1920.
  20. Ballarat School of Mines Annual Report, 1918, p 2.
  21. Ballarat School of Mines Annual Report, 1918, p 2.
  22. Ballarat Star, 29 March 1920.
  23. Ballarat Courier, 28 October 1916.
  24. Benalla Standard, 27 July 1917.
  25. Ballarat Courier, 03 May 1920.
  26. Ballarat School of Mines Annual Report, 1918, p 2.
  27. Ballarat Star, 26 February 1923.
  28. Ballarat School of Mines Annual Report, 1918, p 2.
  29. Ballarat School of Mines Annual Report, 1918, p 2.
  30. Ballarat School of Mines Annual Report, 1918, p 2.
  31. Ballarat School of Mines Annual Report, 1918, p 2.
  32. Ballarat School of Mines Annual Report, 1918, p 2.
  33. Ballarat Courier, 03 May 1920.
  34. Ballarat Star, 14 May 1920.
  35. Ballarat Courier 14 December 1920.
  36. 20 November 1920.
  37. 20 November 1920.
  38. Ballarat School of Mines Monthly Principals Report, August 1916/
  39. 20 November 1920.
  40. Ballarat School of Mines Annual Report, 1918, p 2.


Further Reading

External Links

Mount Mercer War Memorial - http://www.ozgenonline.com/~Carols_Headstones/Mt_Mercer_Grenville_War.htm


--Clare K.Gervasoni 13:08, 20 March 2015 (AEDT)
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