Buninyong

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''Buninyong is named after Mount Buninyong, an ancient volcano adjoining the borough.'' <ref>''Victorian Municipal Directory'', 1878.</ref>
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Precinct of Buninyong has a strong pastoral and gold mining history and remains a township with a proud heritage and many architecturally and historically significant important buildings. Buninyong was already a small village, and had been surveyed, when gold was discovered in 1851. The survey encouraged systematic
 
Precinct of Buninyong has a strong pastoral and gold mining history and remains a township with a proud heritage and many architecturally and historically significant important buildings. Buninyong was already a small village, and had been surveyed, when gold was discovered in 1851. The survey encouraged systematic
 
development and many public buildings were erected in the 1850s. Early directories list many small business such as breweries, steam saw mill, tanneries, flour mills as well as alluvial and quartz mining works. Some buildings such as Thomas Sheppard's brewery were built in bluestone while others were more modest timber structures. In the second half of the 19th century a building boom brought a number of major public buildings such as the Post Office, Police quarters, Town Hall and Courthouse to completion. The Buninyong Botanic Gardens and Public Bath, Bowling Green and Tennis Courts were also completed a this time and quickly became a social focus for the township.<ref>City of Ballarat Heritage Study (Stage 2) April 2003: Thematic History </ref>
 
development and many public buildings were erected in the 1850s. Early directories list many small business such as breweries, steam saw mill, tanneries, flour mills as well as alluvial and quartz mining works. Some buildings such as Thomas Sheppard's brewery were built in bluestone while others were more modest timber structures. In the second half of the 19th century a building boom brought a number of major public buildings such as the Post Office, Police quarters, Town Hall and Courthouse to completion. The Buninyong Botanic Gardens and Public Bath, Bowling Green and Tennis Courts were also completed a this time and quickly became a social focus for the township.<ref>City of Ballarat Heritage Study (Stage 2) April 2003: Thematic History </ref>
 
  
 
Gold was discovered first at Buninyong by [[Thomas Hiscock]] in 1851 but Buninyong was already a small village, situated on Learmonth land. The first survey (1848/9) followed by the first land sales in May 1851 encouraged systematic development and may public buildings were erected in the early 1850s. Early directories list many small business such as breweries, steam saw mill, tanneries, flour mills as well as both alluvial and quartz mining. Some buildings such as [[Thomas Sheppard]]'s Brewery was built in bluestone, others were more modest timber structures. The major churches, Presbyterian, Church of England, Methodist and Catholic built in favourite Gothic styles, usually of brick or stone for permanence. In the second half of the 19C, a building boom brought a number of major public buildings such as the Post Office, Police Quarters, Town Hall and Courthouse to completion. The Buninyong Gardens with Public Bath, Bowling Greens and Tennis Courts were also completed about this time and quickly became the social focus of the township.<ref>City of Ballarat Heritage Study (Stage 2) April 2003: Thematic History, p.A1</ref>
 
Gold was discovered first at Buninyong by [[Thomas Hiscock]] in 1851 but Buninyong was already a small village, situated on Learmonth land. The first survey (1848/9) followed by the first land sales in May 1851 encouraged systematic development and may public buildings were erected in the early 1850s. Early directories list many small business such as breweries, steam saw mill, tanneries, flour mills as well as both alluvial and quartz mining. Some buildings such as [[Thomas Sheppard]]'s Brewery was built in bluestone, others were more modest timber structures. The major churches, Presbyterian, Church of England, Methodist and Catholic built in favourite Gothic styles, usually of brick or stone for permanence. In the second half of the 19C, a building boom brought a number of major public buildings such as the Post Office, Police Quarters, Town Hall and Courthouse to completion. The Buninyong Gardens with Public Bath, Bowling Greens and Tennis Courts were also completed about this time and quickly became the social focus of the township.<ref>City of Ballarat Heritage Study (Stage 2) April 2003: Thematic History, p.A1</ref>
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In 1878 the Borough of Buninyong boasted a population of 1450, with 429 ratepayers on the roll. <ref>''Victorian Municipal Directory'', 1878.</ref> In that year it was described as a mining, agricultural and manufacturing township, with telegraph, money order and savings bank offices. It was known for its exceptional healthiness. <ref>''Victorian Municipal Directory'', 1878.</ref>
  
 
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== Municipal Facts ==
 
== Municipal Facts ==
  
15 April 1859 - proclaimed a borough.  
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15 April 1859 - proclaimed a borough. <ref>''Victorian Municipal Directory'', 1878.</ref>
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'''Buninyong Roads Board Chairmen(1858-1862)'''
 
'''Buninyong Roads Board Chairmen(1858-1862)'''

Revision as of 04:56, 23 February 2013

Buninyong is named after Mount Buninyong, an ancient volcano adjoining the borough. [1]

Precinct of Buninyong has a strong pastoral and gold mining history and remains a township with a proud heritage and many architecturally and historically significant important buildings. Buninyong was already a small village, and had been surveyed, when gold was discovered in 1851. The survey encouraged systematic development and many public buildings were erected in the 1850s. Early directories list many small business such as breweries, steam saw mill, tanneries, flour mills as well as alluvial and quartz mining works. Some buildings such as Thomas Sheppard's brewery were built in bluestone while others were more modest timber structures. In the second half of the 19th century a building boom brought a number of major public buildings such as the Post Office, Police quarters, Town Hall and Courthouse to completion. The Buninyong Botanic Gardens and Public Bath, Bowling Green and Tennis Courts were also completed a this time and quickly became a social focus for the township.[2]

Gold was discovered first at Buninyong by Thomas Hiscock in 1851 but Buninyong was already a small village, situated on Learmonth land. The first survey (1848/9) followed by the first land sales in May 1851 encouraged systematic development and may public buildings were erected in the early 1850s. Early directories list many small business such as breweries, steam saw mill, tanneries, flour mills as well as both alluvial and quartz mining. Some buildings such as Thomas Sheppard's Brewery was built in bluestone, others were more modest timber structures. The major churches, Presbyterian, Church of England, Methodist and Catholic built in favourite Gothic styles, usually of brick or stone for permanence. In the second half of the 19C, a building boom brought a number of major public buildings such as the Post Office, Police Quarters, Town Hall and Courthouse to completion. The Buninyong Gardens with Public Bath, Bowling Greens and Tennis Courts were also completed about this time and quickly became the social focus of the township.[3]

In 1878 the Borough of Buninyong boasted a population of 1450, with 429 ratepayers on the roll. [4] In that year it was described as a mining, agricultural and manufacturing township, with telegraph, money order and savings bank offices. It was known for its exceptional healthiness. [5]

‘A company with a capital of £10,000 has been formed at Buninyong for the purpose of freezing and exporting all kinds of farm produce. All the leading men in the district are interested in the affair.’ [6]


Municipal Facts

15 April 1859 - proclaimed a borough. [7]


Buninyong Roads Board Chairmen(1858-1862)

# Mayor Term
Archibald Fisken 1858-1859
Thomas Shephard 1859–1860

Buninyong Mayors (1863–1921)

# Mayor Term
Peter Hedrick 1863–1864
Archibald Fisken 1864–1866
John Bishop 1866
George Hale 1869
[[]] 1869–1871
[[]] 1871–1872
[[]] 1872–1873
R. Allen 1873
[[]] 1874–1875
[[]] 1875–1877
[[]] 1877–1878
Andrew Charles Davies 1878
[[]] 1879–1880
Peter Fowler 1880
Peter Fowler 1881
Edmund Wren 1882
J. Hobbs 1883
H.M. Greaves 1884
[[]] 1885–1886
David Mortimer Davies 1886
[[]] 1887–1888
[[]] 1888–1889
[[]] 1889–1890
[[]] 1890–1891
[[]] 1891–1892
J.P. Wilson 1892–1893
[[]] 1893–1894
[[]] 1894–1895
[[]] 1895–1896
David Kerr 1897-1897
[[]] 1897–1898
[[]] 1898–1899
J.P. Wilson 1899–1900
[[]] 1900–1901
[[]] 1901–1902
[[]] 1902–1903
J.P. Wilson 1903–1904
[[]] 1904–1905
[[]] 1905–1906
[[]] 1906–1907
[[]] 1907–1908
[[]] 1908–1909
David Kerr 1909–1910
[[]] 1910-1911
John Olgivie 1911
[[]] 1912–1913
[[]] 1913–1914
E.M. Tonkin 1914
Hunter 1914–1915
Archibald James Fisken 1915–1916
Kerr 1916–1917
[[]] 1917–1918
[[]] 1918–1919
[[]] 1919–1920
[[]] 1920–1921

See Also

Andrew Charles Davies, tanner (<1887>)

Graham Davies & Co., tanners (<1887>)

Samuel Goode, printer (<1887>)

William Graham, currier (<1887>)

Henry Mander Greaves, draper (<1887>)

J. Higgins, draper (<1887>)

J. Kelsall, soap and candle maker (<1887>)

J. J. Kelsall, tanner (<1887>)

Jno. Kelsall Sr., tanner (<1887>)

Ralph Parsons, baker and pastrycook (<1887>)

John Thomas, tanner (<1887>)

Andrew Walker, tanner (<1887>)

J. Wood, draper (<1887>)


Gold Mining Companies

Buninyong Gold Mining Company

References

  1. Victorian Municipal Directory, 1878.
  2. City of Ballarat Heritage Study (Stage 2) April 2003: Thematic History
  3. City of Ballarat Heritage Study (Stage 2) April 2003: Thematic History, p.A1
  4. Victorian Municipal Directory, 1878.
  5. Victorian Municipal Directory, 1878.
  6. The North Eastern Ensign (Benalla, VIC. : 1872 - 1938), Tuesday 22 January 1895, page 2. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71552711
  7. Victorian Municipal Directory, 1878.




--Beth Kicinski 11:10, 16 July 2012 (EST); --Sallyanne Doyle 20:27, 21 February 2013 (EST)

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